Equal Pay Women's Issues
At all times, women were the victims of the social, political, and economic system where men prevailed and had all privileges comparing with women. Equal pay issue remains one of the most painful and challenging questions in the modern society that is the outcome of the old-fashioned stereotypes of females role and the absence of the Equal Rights Amendment that would make women more protected when it comes to the employment. Moreover, equal pay issues are more than distinctions in the payment between men and women; these are discrimination on the basis of sex, unequal working conditions, and the lack of access to the promotion and career growth. Consequently, equal pay womens issues can be solved through the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment as it will force the society to treat males and females equally, protect women from discrimination, and improve the employment conditions; but its weakness is that it will do with the help of obligation that will force the excessive equality.
The Advantages of the Adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment
The Equal Right Amendment should be implemented because it will be just in relation to women who have no other solution than to be warriors and be united through the feminist movements to prove their right for the equality with men. According to Ravitz, women revitalize their fight for equal rights and start the war that has begun more than 90 years ago. Furthermore, the D.C. director of the ERA Coalition asks to pass and ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, a proposed addition to the U.S. Constitution that would explicitly protect womens rights and prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. The reasons for this are following: hostility of feminism to males and other women who do not want to fight for their equal position in the society, the gaps between males and females salaries, sexual violence, the discrimination, and the lack of the ability of females to make the choices without males impact. For example, Emma Watsons speech to the United Nations about feminism and the hack of e-mails have revealed the truth about the Hollywood gender wage gaps. It means that the implementation of the Equal Rights Amendment is not the waste of time but the necessity provoked but the seriousness of the situation.
The Equal Right Amendment should be implemented because women should be equal to men in spite of the physical strength of males and gender roles imposed by the social stereotypes. Moreover, the equality of rights should be supported by the law that will oblige employers to treat females equal and forbid the gaps in the payment. According to The Equal Rights Amendment, the Congress should receive the power to enforce the provision of the Equal Rights Amendment, and it will take time and efforts to see the first outcomes from its implementation. It is difficult to change the discriminatory and outdated attitudes about women in the conditions of inadequate laws that are regarded as a war against women. However, the Equal Rights Amendment is an unfinished affair for the Constitution that can improve and influence the females employment. For example, in 1970, nearly half of females stayed at home. However, in 2012, less than 30% did this. It means that the Equal Rights Amendment is a driving force of these shifts that provoke the interest of females to the equal opportunities.
The reason for the implementation of the Equal Rights Amendment is the inability of the 14th Amendment to protect womens rights as it focuses rather on race than gender. Moreover, womens rights cannot be protected by the federal and state laws if they fail to be protected by the Constitution. Certainly the Constitution does not require discrimination on the basis of the sex. The only issue is whether it prohibits it. It doesnt. Thus, the Equal Rights Amendment is necessary to repeal laws and shift the judicial attitudes that drive the systemic cases of discrimination. Furthermore, if the Equal Rights Amendment is a part of the Constitution, it will have a real impact on the national consciousness as its language is clear and unambiguous. Moreover, the Equal Rights Amendment should be implemented to reinforce the democratic principles of liberty and justice for all that are failed to be applied to females. For example, even such famous and financially independent women like Patricia Arquette feels the necessity in the Equal Rights Amendment provoked by her role as a single mother in the film Boyhood.
The advantage of the Equal Rights Amendment is that it will become the solution to the equal pay womens issues obliging the employers to follow the Constitution or receive the penalty or bear the criminal responsibility for any kind of discrimination. For example, signing the Equal Pay Act of 1963 by the President John F. Kennedy improved the situation with the payment for the better. Thus, at that time, women who worked full-time earned 78 cents and men earned one dollar. However, the Equal Pay Act of 1963 raised females payment in 19 cents. Furthermore, the conservatives see the solution to the equal pay womens issues in the implementation of gender-neutral employment laws that will protect females especially during doing the equal work with the equal experience. Finally, there is the thought that if the Equal Rights Amendment is passed, it will make females expensive for business.
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The Disadvantages of the Adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment
The weakness of the Equal Rights Amendment is that it forces out the community to treat males and females equally, but there are people that are against this. It means that the Equal Rights Amendment imposes the excessive equality which not only males but females are not ready to accept. For example, feminists are against the Equal Rights Amendment as it suggests the diversion of efforts, has a limited value and has a lot in common with the 19th amendment and other regulations. Thus, feminists believe that passing the Equal Rights Amendment will have the same effect as passing the 19th amendment as African-American women did not fight for the gender but the race. Furthermore, feminists regard the Equal Rights Amendment as a regulation created for both males and females, but soon the question arises to whom the anti-abortion bill should be applied. Consequently, it is obvious that the Equal Rights Amendment has many uncertainties and ambiguities that can lead even to more confusion and inequality rather than protection of females rights.
There is no need to adopt the Equal Rights Amendment because females are already legally equal; therefore, repetition will not bring the positive shifts. Despite Ravitz shows the positive changes in the payment under an impact of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, it does not matter to the Equal Rights Amendment that repeats the points of this act, Violence against Women Act, and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. Without a doubt, the current situation has been improved comparing to past one, but it is not only due to the legal regulation but changes in social values and destruction of many gender roles stereotypes. Furthermore, the Equal Rights Amendment does not regards males and females equally stating that women are more sensitive to sexual comments than men. Thus, it becomes obvious that the Equal Rights Amendment admits that women are weak creatures that are unable to protect themselves and elevates males like those who have the superiority and physical strength.
The Equal Rights Amendment will reinforce the hostility in the society as it is impossible to establish this equality in a full measure. For example, not all females want to be involved in a military area. However, if the Equal Rights Amendment presupposes the gender equality, it should oblige all women to serve in the Army. Furthermore, according to the Equal Rights Amendment, such words like vulnerability and weakness will not be applied to females; therefore, they will not receive the aid from the diverse social programs. National Progressive Review insists that it would be better to adopt the Equal Rights Amendment at least 30 years ago when the judges were friendlier to womens rights and there were many discriminatory laws. The current situation shows that none of regulations and laws can influence the society where not all females want to be on the equal terms with males. Thus, the Equal Rights Amendment could have the legal power but not social.
The Equal Rights Amendment will not solve the equal pay womens issues as its points are too general and not address the specific problems. First, it cannot solve the equal pay womens issues itself but can only involve other employment regulations that could improve the situation. Second, the equal pay women issue is not only the gender problem but racial as women in color receive less than other women and all men. Finally, there are many females who do not want to work and stay at home doing household chores and being housewives. It means that they are against feminism, and they are indifferent to the problem of equality or inequality of their rights.
In conclusion, it is necessary to say that equal pay womens issues can be solved through the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment as it just in relation to women and forces the society to treat males and females equally. Moreover, it states women should be equal to men, disregards the physical strength of males and gender stereotypes, and protects women from discrimination. Finally, the Equal Rights Amendment should be ratified because the 14th Amendment is not able to protect womens rights and solve equal pay womens issues obliging the employers to follow the Constitution. The adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment has many disadvantages. First, it forces out the community to treat males and females equally, but it is not acceptable for every citizen. Second, females are already legally equal; therefore, repetition of the points mentioned in other regulations and laws will not bring the positive shifts. Third, the Equal Rights Amendment will reinforce the hostility in the society as it is impossible to establish this equality as nobody knows where the boundary of social justice and equality.
In my opinion, the Equal Rights Amendment could bring some positive changes for females especially when it comes to the employment conditions. However, the main challenge here is that it is difficult to explain the boundaries of social justice and equality as not all females accept this equality. Furthermore, feminists also confuse the society and legislation with their values and principles as they need the equality with males but they are too hostile to them and do not support the Equal Rights Amendment. Moreover, I think that the Equal Rights Amendment would be ineffective due to a large number of other regulations, acts, and laws against females discrimination, unequal payment, harassment, and violence. In addition, there are many different inequalities related to gender, race, sexual orientation; therefore, it is unclear whether the Equal Rights Amendment is able to cope with them. This problem is really very complicated as when it comes to the payment, how it can be equal if females fail to perform some duties like males due to the lack of physical strengths. Finally, not all females want to be strong and leading; there are those who want to weak and defenseless and fulfill their old-fashioned role of a housewife.