History of Fire Safety and its Remedies
Fire safety is a practice that has evolved over the years. It involves designing tools and/or proper code of behavior to reduce the possibility of fire outbreaks and reduce the risks associated with fire outbreaks. Additional fire safety guidelines are put in place to protect the properties and even structures.
In the middle ages, most houses were built with timber and the roofs were thatched. The roofs were overhanging and in case of fire, then several houses would be burnt. In England for example, William the Conqueror passed a rule that all fires be extinguished at night and a metal cover placed on top. An estimated 3000 people died in a fire in London in the 13th century hence forcing the government to put reinforcements during the building process. Tubs of water were fixed to supply water during summer and be used in case of fire.
Several developments regarding fire safety occurred as years advanced. The use of chimneys made of timber were introduced but later outlawed. Building regulations were highly enforced and street expansions done. In October 8th and 9th 1871, a fire tragedy occurred in Chicago and Peshtigo that shaped the world’s fire safety measures. The Great Chicago fire lasted about 27 hours but it killed, displaced several people and destroyed a number of buildings. The Peshtigo fire in America also started the same day destroying over 16 towns and killing over one thousand people.
The world has been commemorating fire prevention week every 9th October of each year. During such days, fire education is done to create public awareness on fire tragedies and remedies. Fire men speak to the public giving fire safety books, plastic fire helmets among others. The theme 2012 National fire prevention Day was “Have two ways out” which emphasized the importance of having two ways out of every room. The escape planning involves drawing the map of the house and ways out. The practice requires involvement of every member of the family or organization in the plan. It requires that all persons operating in a building are made aware of the two way exit paths in the event of fire outbreak.