Rene Descartes and Existence of God
Over the centuries, there have been numerous attempts of professionals in the sphere of religion and philosophy to provide convincing arguments in favor of God’s existence. Many philosophers and scientists, including Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes, made incredible contributions to the existence of God. The given paper aims to identify, analyze, and assess one of the arguments for the existence of God on the basis on Mediations by Rene Descartes.
It is important to emphasize that Rene Descartes successfully produced many arguments to prove that God really exists. These arguments played a crucial role because Rene Descartes managed to prove that God is not fictitious. Rene Descartes was one of the believers who developed several philosophical theories and projects to explore the existence of God and prove the validity and truthfulness of his theories. Despite the fact that many critics state that Descartes’ projects were aimed to diminish the role of God in human lives, his Mediations prove that God is one the most reliable guarantees of true knowledge.
Mediations on the First Philosophy provide convincing arguments that existence of God is directly associated with acquisition of knowledge. For instance, according to the ideas presented in Mediations on First Philosophy, Descartes proves that God is a powerful, infinite, and perfect being because it is he who created everything. According to one of the Descartes’ arguments, God really exists because Descartes “has an idea of God, and it can only have been caused by God”.
In other words, Descartes believes that God motivates him to think and feel through his senses. He claims that these ideas are caused by God because he influences a human intellect and gives people a free will. The philosopher is deeply convinced that his ideas about God are created or, in other words, fabricated by God because God gives every person the idea of something.
In general, Descartes tries to follow Christian notion of God as a supreme, absolute, and perfect being. In case people accept the idea of perfect and omnipresent God, they will be unable naturally to refute the existence and tremendous influence of that entity. For instance, Descartes supports the idea that it is obvious that if someone believes in existence of God, that person will never “be separated from God’s essence”. Descartes assures that to deny existence of omnipresent God is the same as to claim that a triangle is a four-sided figure. Despite numerous critics of this theory, Descartes insists on the idea that to deny existence of a powerful God is the same as to lie to yourself. This recognized scientist and philosopher associates God with “objective reality” that is obvious and does not require additional proofs and explanations.
Ideas that are “born” by God inside human minds encourage them to think that God is supreme, eternal, infinite, omnipotent, and, finally, omniscient being. Moreover, God is the unique creator of everything that exists apart from him. Regardless the fact the Descartes’ ideas and attitudes towards the existence of God are not always transparent and simple, the philosopher is deeply convinced that people should feel the existence of God on subconscious level. Human mind does not need explorations, observations, and experimentation because human soul knows about existence of powerful and omnipresent God.
From the point of view of ontology Descartes stresses that existence and nature of God become self-evident after personal considerations and careful mediation. For instance, God is usually recognized by those people who rely on careful and close investigations. In other words, despite the fact that many mediators assess the supremacy and omnipresence of God not at once, intuition that is created by human mind ensures a chance to them to reach clear and distinct perceptions of God. Rene Descartes compares the process of understanding God with a theorem and axiom. At the very beginning, to find convincing evidence to prove the existence of God is the same as to prove a theorem.
However, human mind, senses, and intuition transform this theorem into simple axiom or premise that is true without controversies and additional explanations. Thus, having determined and assessed the ontological principle of Rene Descartes, it is possible to make a conclusion that despite the fact that God is supremely perfect being, facts that prove the existence of God are not always self-evident. However, the existence of God in the world of humans is most always easily intuited and assessed by a human mind.
Rene Descartes integrates universal mathematical truths, experimentations, and rational methods of inquiry into the sphere of philosophy to prove the existence of God with help of principles of logic and rational thinking. He believes that ability of humans to understand mathematical principles will drastically increase the chances to understand God. In one of his Mediations, Descartes emphasizes that without God the humanity would never have certain knowledge and thought that God exists. Because of this reason, God allows people to know what is really important to them and why. On the contrary, in case God didn’t exist, the humanity would have never thought about someone omnipresent and powerful. Moreover, in case God never existed, people would have understood the world in a different way.
As a result, having shed light on one of the arguments connected with the existence of God that Descartes gives in Mediations, it is possible to infer that Descartes relies on the principles of logic and rationality to prove that God really exists. According to the opinions of Rene Descartes, god is infinite, independent, powerful, omniscient, and, finally, omnipotent. Despite the fact that the philosopher is deeply convinced that existence of God is self-evident and easily perceived by human mind and intuition, he assures that existence of God may be proven with help of thorough analyses and mediations. God really exists and it is he who created everything because this knowledge is derived from human intuition and thoughts. As a result, according to one of the Descartes’ arguments, God exists because despite confusion and disorderliness of human thoughts inside a human mind, God is present in a human intellect and it is he who influences human thinking.