Humanity evolves improving its life with the diverse means, which make the life easier. Some things become rooted in the life of the society, and others disappear forever living no trace in the men’s mind. However, it does not refer to the theatre, which is one of the oldest means of art that is presented in the modern time. Although it has been changing through the centuries, its aim remains the same: to entertain people and show the social flaws of the community as well as its influence on the person. Thus, the purpose is exemplified in the Ancient Greek, Renaissance, and the Naturalistic tragedy.
To begin with, the theatre transformed essentially
Primarily, the performance and the place it is staged changed. For instance, in the Ancient Greece, the public observed the act in the open air. The plays were distinguished between the various layers of the society. Thus, the drama was mainly performed for the elite. Meanwhile, the comedy was aimed at the low social class.
Considering Sophocles’ Antigone, the play is a tragedy which poses the majority of the weak sides of the human nature. Additionally, the audience notices their influence on the surrounding. Therefore, the main character, Antigone, together with her sister, Ismene, are the depiction of the eternal confrontation between siblings. The first is impulsive and recalcitrant; she wants everyone to follow her desires, especially her sister. Thus, Antigone tells her “You must decide whether you help me or not” (Sophocles, n/d). Meanwhile, the second is obedient and innocent. They even differ in beauty. Regarding Antigone, it is so unusual that makes children cry, and Ismene’s appearance attracts attention. Why theatre, then? It reflects the problem of the ordinary people on the stage, impel them to consider, and presents some solutions.
However, the traditional Greek theatre was not eternal
Although it preserved its fundamental feature, it transformed significantly, as well. Referring to the theatrical tradition of the Renaissance, it is represented by the great playwright of that time, by William Shakespeare. Undoubtedly, his oeuvre is a heritage of the eternal themes, which poses the problem both dramatically and tragically. Moreover, he uses comic elements to depict foolishness of the situation or person. One of his best plays, Hamlet, is a masterpiece, which shows the individual’s tragedy: “To be or not to be” (Shakespeare, n/d). Why theatre? It is a cooperation between the playwright and the audience. They take citations which refer to their life and use them, enriching the language and making it alive.
Furthermore, the Naturalistic Tragedy raises new aspects of the problems the society has faced. Thus, Henrik Ibsen’s play The Dolls House is a manifest of the women who have made their first attempts struggling for the equality of rights. The playwright endeavors to awake the middle – class mothers and wife to defend their liberty and significance. He uses the theater as a means to affect the audience’s consciousness and encourage them acting. Why theatre? It is a manner, which changes society and its stereotypes. Particularly, it happens by provoking the spectators thinking.
Finally, the theatre plays an essential role in the society
It is not only the place to entertain but consider the problems, which occur. Although the significant amount of plays that are staged nowadays were written centuries ago, they mirror the eternal problem familiar for hundreds of generations. Predominantly, in spite of being the source of the historical evidence, events, and the lifestyle, the theatre is an emitter of the secular wisdom. Why theatre? In sum, it gives the lessons by focusing on the superior aspects of the human’s life.