The humanity has been developing in different ways through all its history
The period of stagnation in the revolution of human mind preceded the Age of Enlightenment. Usually, this period of development is marked as a start point of the human progress not only in economical sector, but also in the spiritual way. The period of Enlightenment is the turning point in the human position. The signs of understanding this are tracing back from the Greek and Latin culture, when human, as the being, was in the centre of the universe. Different types of the art depicted and praised the human grace and power. However, the heritage of the previous cultures was lost in the motion of the centuries. The reasons for this were different.
The church was the one, and probably the main, reason
Its influence has grown rapidly, after it received the power to control the whole congregations. The church was known as the first social institution, which was able to control people, keep them scared, and obedient. The Inquisition was a tool against those, who did not agree with statements of the church. Copernicus, Gordano Bruno and many other were innocent victims, who made sacrifice in the name of the science and further human kind development.
On the other hand, the other reason was people
The ministers controlled the congregation often. Most people were illiterate. They were not able even to read, but to understand all those sermons held in Latin. The Age of the Enlightenment was the ground for changes in either various social processes or behaving procedure in the church. The people were interested in the sermons, word of God, which they can easily understand. If the church was the place for prayers and calmness, there left no place for pompous decorations in the church. The main thing was that the church supposed to be as simple as it is possible. Only in this way, it can fulfill its purpose entirely. According to these points, church is the place where human can devote herself to God. In addition, the Anglican Church is the result of different historical, political and even geographical consequences. Secularism is the influencing religion even today. Moreover, it determines and often links with different conflicts nowadays.
Missionary movements became popular because of the Enlightenment and the changes caused by it
There were few reasons for the missionary movement at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century. Spain was the first country, which spread Christianity in the end of the15th century. Then, loosing its positions, France and Britain started to dominate the international affairs, especially in the Europe. For both countries, there were economical reasons. In 1770s, the British tried to convert the Maori (Missionary movements). The London Missionary Society (LMS) organized itself in 1795. The express purpose of LMS was spreading knowledge of Christ “to heathen and other unenlightened nations” (Ibid). Another missionary society was founded in Paris in 1822. Now its name is Paris Society for Evangelical Missions among non-Christians populations. The aim of foundation was "spreading the Gospel among the heathens and other non-Christian populations” (Zorn, n.d.).
Christianity showed its domination in everything: culture, economy and even society
As it was mentioned before, the main reason of development of the missionary movements were hidden desires of the empire to conquer unknown territories. Of course, there were people who eagerly desired to share with believes in God. However, these people were not very popular among the conquerors. Despite everything, they continued their work in the name of God. According to Holmes, Anglicanism is “acting in the experience of God disclosed to us in the person of Jesus Christ” (Holmes, 1982). The migration and mission helped to spread the religion and its views worldwide.
The colonization spirit caused doubts among inhabitants and those, who arrived with conquers. It is known that everything new is under suspicion and usually cannot be accepted. In the society, not all people can be trusted, communities became more closed when “formerly homogeneous societies and neighborhoods have become marked by diversity of religions” (Generous love, 2008). At the end of the 18th century, the Anglican village church was still the center of the community, especially in the urban centers.
In the congregation of the Anglican Church, people feel themselves vulnerable and beleaguered
Nevertheless, the main key to success of the Anglican Church was desire to cooperate. If there was an opportunity to contribute congregation and the minister always found the way to do so.
It can be a surprise, but the believe that, “is possible to experience the renewal of life in Christ as meet with people of different faiths” (Generous love, 2008) shows that Anglican Church was always open for others. This can be the reason why village church was the center of the community. As soon as you have become the part of the village life, you became the part of the congregation. Accordingly, you are accepted with all you deeds. Of course, there were those, who blamed, but in the end congregation gave the feeling of safety and family.
Another explanation is that usually congregations were small and it was easier live together, brought up the children, and gather the harvest. Especially, the congregation has lived in the rural area almost on the middle of nowhere. If something had happened, the community acted as the one unit. This helped to save time and provide everything necessary as soon as possible.
In this way, church became the center of the social life, where everyone can share happiness and sorrows with others, get advice or just spend time talking to people or in the prayer, asking God for good fortune and health for all family members.