Development of the West
The Tactics used by the Government of the United States of America to Develop and Settle the West
American colonization of the Western part of the continent started in 1805, when the expeditionary detachment of Lewis and Clark left Washington (Beck, Haase 123). This notable mission is of immense significance, since it opened new pages on the United States of America historical horizon. The industrialization procedures were started almost immediately alongside with the annexation of the new lands, either acquired or conquered with arms. For instance, the territory which subsequently evolved into the state of Louisiana was purchased from the government of Napoleon the Great and Alaska was bought from the Russian Empire.
However, all the newly acquired territories remained wild and unexplored. A number of stately-orchestrated policies have been launched by the young United States government to settle and develop them accordingly. The most important initiatives of the United States authorities that really succeeded were the gold rush, the railroads erections and subsequent industrialization of the lands at issue.
The objective of this paper is to explore and analyze the strategies that have been intentionally carried out by the United States government and private entities to explore and settle those lands.
Gold Rush Promotional Campaign
Having realized that new settlers are needed in the West, the United States government and private companies have entered into one of the most subtle clandestine conspiracies to attract the developers to the western parts of the continent (Turner 43-45). Golden mines were actually present in California, but the opportunities for the developers were not as abundant as they were proclaimed.
Gold mines development is a complex process, which indispensably requires human resources, facilities and financial contribution from the stakeholders. Having explored several rich mines, the agents, hired and sponsored by the government and the private companies started to spread rumors that Californian lands are replete with silver and gold mines, and anyone relocating there and exerting oneself sufficiently can turn incredibly rich very quickly. The rumors were talked about on the streets, taverns, university platforms and other places of mass conglomeration. Ample opportunities have been communicated both to the merchants and to the ordinary people, who vigorously cooperated in order to achieve their common goals. As a result, multiple co-joint enterprises have been established to pursue make money jointly.
However, practically, the discovery, exploration and development of the ore, gold and silver mines necessitated synergy of the stakeholders, the building of roads, cities, industrial villages and the search of effective new technologies that could be used to excavate the crude minerals and to convert them into ingots and other transportable batches (Milner et al, 21). Ultimately, many different settlements have been scattered across the western coast, which ultimately evolved into big cities and towns (McPherson 233). The city of Los Angeles is the most exemplary evidence in this regard.
The historians and the public policy advisors are unanimous in their opinion that effectively functioning transportation system is one of the most fundamental aspects of effective federal governance (White 92-93). Railroads could be used to transport the troops quickly to suppress the multiply pervasive mutinies of the Indians. Moreover, new settlers and workforce could be more expediently and timely relocated to the regions where it was needed. The excavated resources and produced commodities of Western Origin were easily transported to the already industrialized eastern regions and conversely, the tools of manufacture, assembly lines and workforce were sent from the already industrialized areas.
Besides, the development and building of the railroads required labor forces and extensive investments. As a result, the unemployment rates have been significantly reduced, and the erection of the auxiliary facilities greatly contributed to the development of the Western areas as well. Most importantly, significant railroad junctions of federal relevance have evolved into big cities. The need to provide maintenance to the railroads and locomotives increased the presence of the industrially oriented workers. Moreover, the increase and further sophistication of the railroad infrastructure required the development of new technologies and further influx of the workforce.
Industrialization of the West
Having accumulated the required organizational resources and organized the transportation framework, the United States government decided to invest into further development of the Western regions (Beck, Haase 35-39). The next taken step was the establishment of the United States Federal Postal System. Constant and more importantly, stable interchange of correspondence allured the merchants to engage actively in commercial activities with the West. Fur trade became prosperous and trade export routes were established to deliver the goods to European and Asian countries.
The next step the federal government launched was the technological development of the nation
Having made significant financial contributions to the vehicle industries, a number of plants have been built. The factories of Henry Ford have been built under the organizational and financial support of the United States Federal government.
The important contribution has been made by the newly-established United States Energy Department. The geological exploration of the region was heavily financed and mineral engineers have been attracted from the leading European countries to identify and develop the deposits. Coal and other plants have been established by the invited European experts.
Lastly, the lack of low-paid manual workers culminated in the popularization of the United States employment prospects among the Chinese and the Japanese citizens. This policy happened to be of great success and the reported lack of manual labor has been effectively compensated. Those workers agreed to work for lower rates than their native America competitors.
- Beck, Warren A., Haase, Ynez D. Historical Atlas of the American West. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. Print
- McPherson, James. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Routledge, 2003. Print
- Milner II, Clyde A; O'Connor, Carol A.; Sandweiss, Martha A. The Oxford History of the American West. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. Print
- Turner, Frederick Jackson. The Significance of the Frontier in American History' and Other Essays. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. Print
- White, Richard. It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own: A New History of the American West. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. Print