Jan 25, 2018 in History


Charles Robert Darwin was a renowned English scientist, who published his work on the theory of evolution with the compelling evidence of the origin of species. Darwin lived from 1809 to 1882, with his life amounting to a total of seventy three years. Charles Darwin is globally recognized for his contribution to the evolution science. The first aspect observed in his publication focuses on the natural selection theory. In this theory, Darwin developed an investigation of the survival travel in seawater based on seeds and eggs. Going further into details on this topic, later Darwin strengthened his position with a descent common case leading to the origin of the controversial evolution. Even though this theory was not widely accepted from the beginning, scientists later acknowledged Darwin’s effort by settling to study his publications. Charles Darwin has left a legacy in those revolutionized scientific ideas across the globe through modification of the descents. . He came up with theories that supported natural selection, Mendelian and population genetics. In conclusion, the eclipse of Darwinism is marked as the period of great scientific contribution in honor of Darwin

Max Müller

Friedrich Max Müller was a German orientalist and philologist, who lived from 1823 to 1900. Max Müller is one of the key founders of the western academic field. Amongst his disciplines, Max made great contriution to the Indian studies and comparative religion. In his publication, Max Müller did both popular and scholarly work on Indology. This subject covers many sacred books written for British readings in a set of fifty volumes in English translations.

Max Müller’s work has three major controversies named by other scholars. These controversies include the anti-Christianity, Aryanism and Turanism. In his contributions to the scholarly field, Max pushed the promotion of these three ideas, which later affected his popularity. In conclusion, Fredrich Max Müller has vastly featured in religious as well as historical field of study.

Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure was a famously known Swiss linguist, who contributed greatly to the field of literature. He lived 55 years from 1857 to 1913. Most of  Ferdinand’s ideas formed a basic foundation for many significant linguistic developments in the 20th century. For this reason, Ferdinand de Saussure is widely regarded as one of the fathers of the 20th century linguistics.

Based on the linguistic contribution of Ferdinand, language can be regarded as the central core of the world’s grasps. Increasing number of linguistic works from the 20th century has profoundly developed the entire range of human sciences. This is particularly contributed by the anthropology, psychology and linguistic influences. It can be concluded that Saussure took the sign as the key linguistic structure-organizing concept. Using it for convectional language expression, Ferdinand de Saussure is remembered for his phonological shaping of the linguist structure.

Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir was a popularly known anthropologist in American. Alongside his fame as an anthropologist, Edward is widely known for his great contribution in the early development of linguistics. Being born in 1884, Edward lived for 55 years and died in 1939 in the United States. Edward was an American citizen, whose main academic institutions of work included the University of Chicago, Colombia University, YaleUniversity and  CanadianCivilizationMuseum. Edward Sapir is well known for classifications of Native American languages. This included the anthropological linguists and Sapir hypothesis. Later in his career, Edward worked with Yiddish, Chinese, Hebrew and Germanic languages. One of the key contributions of Edward Sapir is realized in his major investment towards the development of international auxiliary language.

Benjamin Lee Whorf

Benjamin Lee Whorf was a linguist from America and a great engineer, who dealt with the prevention of fire.  His idea that there is no difference in linguistic grammar usage and that speaking various languages makes one international, going through the world in a different way, made Benjamin Lee Whorf came up with a linguistic relative principle. Along with the principle, there also came the realization that it was identical to Einstein’s principle of the physical relativity.

Benjamin Lee Whorf was born in 1897 and died in1941 living for only 44 years. Initially his attention was drawn towards studying Biblical Hebrew. Unfortunately, he changed his mind and started studying on his own the local languages of Mesoamerica. Since his work was impressive, he was given a grant by professional scholars to study the Nahuati language in YaleUniversity, Mexico. Publishing several strong articles in journals made Benjamin more famous than Sapir. Generally, Benjamin left considerable contributions to the field of chemical engineering based on his linguistic publication skills.

Margaret Mead

 Mead Margret was a famous cultural anthropologist from America frequently featuring as a mass media writer in 1960’s. Alongside her media writing, Margret equally participated in speaking journalism, through which she made the vast scope of progress. In her anthropology insights, she was a common popularizer in the Western culture as well as in modern America. She contributed greatly to the sexual revolution based on her reports. Most of her reports were  focusing on sexual attitudes in South-Eastern Asia and South Pacific traditional cultures. As a religious woman, Margaret Mead played a key role in drafting of the Episcopal common book of prayer. This book borrows ideologies that are globally used by the Anglican Church as incorporated in America since 1979. Mead lived for 76 years from 1901 to 1978.

Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky was an American philosopher, logician, political critic, activist, linguist and cognitive scientist. Some of his major contributions include academic writing on wars, mass media and politics. Tracing to the 1992 citation index of arts and humanities, Noam was cited for more times than any of the 1980’s scholars.  In addition to this, Naom is widely viewed as the prominent figure in cultural and public intellectual field. Naom’s contribution in language makes him appear as a father of the modern linguistics.

Michel Foucault

Michel Paul Foucault was a well-known French philosopher, who lived between 1926 and 1984. In his life, Michael greatly contributed to philosophy, historical ideas, social and literacy fields. In philosophy, Michel came up with numerous philosophical theories, addressing the meaning of power and the way it works. In greater depths, Michel explained how power and knowledge are related in terms of inter-control supremacy. As a social scientist, Foucault contributed a lot to the critical studies of psychiatry and medicine anthropology alongside to the human sexuality. The most influential aspects of Michel’s life were based on his writings on discourse, power and knowledge that globally affected the academic circle.

George Lakoff

George Lakoff is an American professor famous for his cognitive linguists. Since 1972, Professor George Lakoff has been teaching at the CalifornianUniversity, Berkeley, in his professional area of qualification. George Lakoff is mostly known for his vast ideas on metaphor centrality to the human thinking. Additionally, George did major contributions to the societal behavior and politics. In relation to the mathematical approach, George Lakoff is vastly recognized for his embodied mind concept. Currently, he serves as a member of socialist party of Spain and Scientific Committee.

Mark Johnson

Mark Johnson is a Minnesota ice hockey coach in Wisconsin University-Madison women’s team. He appeared in 669 seasons of regular games held for a decade starting from 1980. As a player, Mark Johnson participated in the U.S. Olympic Hockey gold medal winning team in 1980. In relation to playing hockey, Mark Johnson has made greater contributions as both a player and coach. According to his sports records, Mark Johnson has earned a lot of championship awards and achievements.  

Dan Slobin

Dan Slobin is a famous American professor known for his contributions in linguistics and psychology. Amongst the major contributions made by Dan Slobin is language acquisition by children. Daniel’s contribution demonstrates the comparison based on the cross linguistic importance for language comparison. The most important contribution realized in Dan Slobin’s incorporation in the global diaspora, provided that a lot has been achieved in learning and cognitive development.

Lera Boroditsky

LeraBoroditsky is currently serving as an assistant of the professor at StanfordUniversity. Her main field of academic qualification covers majorly psychology and editorial work. Through research work, Lera Boroditsky has positively contributed to deepening of the insights in anthropology, neuroscience, linguistics and psychology. Through hard work, many insights have been developed to help understand the relationship between language speaking and mind.

Lesley Milroy

Lesley Milroy Ann is a professor in sociolinguist field of study at the University of Michigan. Her major study captured more on social networks as a pillar of language ideologies.  Lesley Milroy has well established records drawn from her articles, which show more incorporation of sociolinguistic advances. In more details, Pierre Bourdieu has vastly contributed to the social correspondence sector of analysis.

Pierre Bourdieu

Pierre Bourdieu was a famous French sociologist, philosopher and anthropologist. In social sciences, Pierre Bourdieu has widely contributed to the expounding of basic terminologies in social, cultural and symbolic capitals. The main ideas brought by his publication have helped to influence both the subjective and social structural experiences. Pierre Bourdieu lived for 71 years from 1930 to 2002.


Related essays