Starting from ancient times till nowadays, people have always perceived leadership as an integral part of any society. It is the most effective mean of impact on a group of people, leading them to the joint implementation of administrative decisions on the achievement of defined goals. The leader has to develop the new ways of solving problems. He or she should also design effective strategies. Thus, the leaders are responsible for the actions of others and the prosperity of the company. However, they could adopt different styles of leadership, for example, charismatic or ‘Level 5’ leadership. Their concepts differ, but a charismatic leader is more successful in managing a team. Besides, the emotional intelligence is an important ingredient of every leadership form.
Charismatic leadership is the process of influencing people with persuasive personality. A charismatic person has strong qualities which other people tend to support and follow. Moreover, influential identity makes colleagues respect and value the leader. Thus, leader’s personality is a key motivational factor for employees. His or her praise, attention, or criticism can have a great impact on the completion of job-related tasks. Furthermore, such leaders often succeed in mobilizing subordinates for responding to the crisis and extreme situations. They involve people easily and create a highly productive team. His of her subordinates usually demonstrate a high level of loyalty and commitment.
A charismatic leader has the energy to produce and fulfill ideas. He or she can become a mentor and an inspiring example for people who work with him or her. The ability to directly influence the workers is critically important. The leader must inspire and motivate his or her employees. His or her appearance is usually neat, attractive, and impressive. Moreover, he or she has excellent rhetorical skills and knows how to act in various situations.
Every charismatic leader has specific qualities. For example, they are confident in their judgments and power. They have the ability to predict the future better than the rest of people. Such a persuasive leader has a gift of inspiration. He or she can explain and support his or her ideas. These features define a good leader. Besides, he or she does not hesitate. Instead, they are willing to take risks and responsibility for own actions and team. Finally, he or she is able to feel the situation and to find the resources to achieve the goal and to solve a problem.
On the other hand, certain issues in the model of charismatic leadership are present. For instance, a leader and an employee could develop a negative personal relationship. The conflict in this situation can diminish the role of the leader. He or she might lose the ability to influence the worker. It can lead to open or hidden aggression and sabotage of subordinates. Another risk is associated with a major emotional load. The leader is forced to be constantly on top. Thus, he or she must maintain the reputation of an energetic and charming man or woman, have a decisive influence, and support psychologically his subordinates. However, the charismatic leader should understand his or her abilities as the lack of inner power may reduce initiative and responsibility of subordinates.
The Level 5 Leadership is a moderation of strong professional leadership will. The American scientist, Jim Collins, and his team conducted a five-year study to investigate this concept, later called the Level 5 Hierarchy. Nowadays, the companies, regardless of their size and structure, use it for training their leaders. Communities can relate to this type of leadership in order to manage cooperation of people.
This new model is winning respect among people. The selflessness of a chief and powerful obligation to achieve the result are its basics. These qualities of the leader make the subordinates work hard and reach the effectiveness. A Level 5 leader is a contradictory mixture of indomitable will and personal temperance. They are usually modest, obstinate, and ruthless. They work for the prosperity of their company and rarely allow their ego to become an obstacle to the success of the organization. Although they make a great contribution to their organizations, they attribute these remarkable achievements to employees, external factors, or just luck. The main characteristic of a Level 5 leader is a discipline.
A Level 5 leader creates a company with other strong leaders who can maintain success and improve the conditions. The Level 5 leaders strive to ensure that every employee has realized his or her potential and the company has become a learning leadership organization. Collins says that if the company wants to develop and succeed, it needs to hire a Level 5 leader because he or she shares the basic characteristics as any other leader. He or she is intuitive and has a systemic thinking. The subordinates regard him or her as a professional and highly moral person. He or she is a strategist who knows how to set a goal to achieve a positive result. Their actions must guarantee the long-term success of the company. Furthermore, they know the business well, so that they can consult any member of the group. The leader has acquired the knowledge on the management methods to perform administration functions effectively. Without doubt, he or she should have a high emotional intelligence to understand people and offer the creative and innovative solution for the problems.
The Level 5 leaders focus principally on the teamwork. He or she monitors the accomplishment of every task. However, the leader should trust his employees more. The aim of the Level 5 Leadership is to achieve the support and understanding of the subordinates. For the development of relations with the employees, he or she uses coaching techniques. A team reflects whether a leader could supervise the members and support a highly productive group. His or her aim is to make favorable conditions for work, maintain a friendly atmosphere in the team, and resolve the conflicts. Though, a good leader should devote his or her time and energy on solving the problems first. Indeed, a team is important for the success, but it should not receive constant attention.
The Level 5 Leadership requires the long-term personal contribution. The leader does not gain individual merit, which results in the lack of motivation. According to the research of Collins, this method seems to be reasonable and effective in some cases, though.
Emotional intelligence is a system of social and personal skills that gives people an opportunity to find and pursue their purpose. Emotional intelligence determines the ability to understand intuitively what other people want, to realize the public environment, to perceive it, and to take reasonable independent judgment. It helps to stay calm in stressful situations. In fact, emotional intelligence is an important quality of any leader. For instance, the leaders can understand the reasons for the motivation. Since one of the main goals of the leader is to inspire his or her employees, emotional literacy can boost the teamwork.
Both leadership styles are effective, but a charismatic leader can adapt to the changing conditions more easily. Leaders of this type are responsive. They are able to take risks and solve problems. Their main difference from other types is a strong motivational orientation. Such leaders are often enthusiastic about achieving high results. The companies need such devoted leaders to resolve the crisis period or implement radical reforms and changes.
The company should have a strong leader to manage the work of employees. It is the key point of its effectiveness. However, there are many types of leadership, especially those based on the emotional intelligence. For example, this characteristic can be found in both charismatic and Level 5 leaders. Though, a charismatic leader is the best choice for the company that develops or has some difficulties. This type of manager is effective due to strong leadership skills and ability to motivate people.