King’s High Justice
Frollo, the King’s High Justice asserts that he is willing to defend France from heresy that can be spread by potential integration of Gypsy and other foreigners into Paris. The civility of the High Justice is in question in regard to prejudice against various groups of people; thus, the High Justice represents the force of oppression whereby Frollo intimidates people by asserting to reach a judgment to hang any critic of the old order. The High Justice is pleased to thwart physical processes of cooperation by creating divisions aimed at protecting Paris while discriminating against foreigners. Racial and ethnic hatred is used to justify oppression because of ignorance, limited capability to activate collective consciousness.
Frollo the High Justice represents the unfair justice within Paris in regard to giving people to the freedom of though. Frollo is determined to preserving the old system by using discriminative measures whereby he is willing to hang anyone who disobeys order; he means elimination or xenophobia based on perceived prejudice. Frollo demonstrates more authorized habit when he protests before the King identifying that if he allowed freedom of Gypsies to develop, Paris civilization would weaken because foreigners lacked probable cultural values to survive in the city. Therefore, Frollo manipulates the administration of the High Justice agency to attack and destroy specific perceived foreigners; “I for my part will protect France from these printed books as I will protect her from witches, sorcerers and Gypsies, the foreign race that is overrunning all of Europe”( The hunchback of Notre dame 1). Ethnic and racial discrimination themes play turns in the movie when the Guard is lashing a caravan member believed to be Gypsies and foreigners.
The High Justice’s mandate is expressed through the hand and mind of the Guard who forces Gypsies and other foreigners to understand the new law requiring foreigners to obtain a permit. Only Frenchmen are allowed to enter into Paris while the supporters of foreigners must undergo a rigorous permit issuance exercise. The Guard complains about the presence of foreigners in Paris; however, the Gypsy Man who stereotypes the new hope insists that the Frenchmen had no right to restrict the arriving foreigners “Foreigners! You came yesterday, we come today” (The hunchback of Notre dame 1). The Gypsy Man finds the High Justice’s rationale for cruelty quite amusing that he shrugs off the Guard’s attempt to halt the caravan.
Localized discrimination is symbolized by the hunchback; when a girl runs into the hunchback, she runs crying directly into the grandmother who immediately informs her to go home and lit a candle to eliminate the intent of meeting the social superstitious person. Fear of superstitious created taboos and practices that created more fear among the people disarming the adventurous human spirit. For instance if the hunchback crosses the path of anyone in Paris by accident, there was a possibility of suffering from emotional setbacks due to the anxiety created by the social stereotypical hatred against the hunchback. The hunchback is defined as a strong, bow-legged yet horrible like the Cyclops (Eliot 57).
The King is tolerant and aware of the social transformation process that lauds the success of the free thought and reprimands Frollo, the High Justice for his biased opinion about new freedom of thought. The King admits that the world is round after citing Christopher Columbus’s experience in the sea, while those opposing the King like the 1st Courtier remain dogmatically influenced by the old control knowledge that conform to the idea that the world is flat. Oppression is based on limiting capacity and understanding that ultimately creates unrest and violence out of confusion. Antagonism between religion and science believes are tested when interpreting the right shape of the world whereby the flat theory is compared to the science stance that the earth is spherical. The evidence is reflected on questioning the progress of the new thought whereby every man in France would become literate and even. When Frollo rejects to cover for Esmeralda just because she is of foreign race, the King scolds Frollo. Ironically, when the King asks Frollo if the gypsy woman made his pulse beat faster; the warning foreshadowed Frollo’s action of forcing Esmeralda to love him and when Esmeralda refused Frollo labeled her a witch. Quasimodo who first fell in love with the Esmeralda throws Frollo down the cathedral out of jealousy and in order to save Esmeralda from the gallows.
Esmeralda represents the downtrodden foreigners in Paris
Though they sometimes have a feeling, wrong choices in life because of ignorance determines the foreigners’ fate. For instance, Esmeralda believed to be safe with the soldier who takes orders from another authority (Eliot 43). Therefore, the execution of Esmeralda coincides with the elimination of the old thought influenced by ignorance about individual situations particularly concerning perceptions of beauty and frightful.
The Archbishop is equally receptive in understanding the true social justice though quite dogmatic about the effects of oppression. At the Sanctuary, the Archbishop informs Esmeralda that her condition as a Gypsy should not disappoint her from achieving her objectives since everything is willed by the generosity of one giver. On the contrary, Frollo confronts Esmeralda as the Cathedral when praying making fun of her as a heathen not fit to pray in the cathedral (Eliot 14). Frollo’s discriminative approach is based on the notion that the famed dancer was shameless for awakening everyman’s sinful desires to look at the Gypsy Esmeralda.
Gringoire helps Esmeralda escape from Frollo’s and Quasimodo’s firm grip. The poet is struggling for recognition and when he finds himself in the court of miracles he is condemned to death by hanging. Oppression is presented again when Gringoire marries Esmeralda only to be disappointed since she is in love with Phoebus. However, Phoebus is stabbed by Frollo who implicates Esmeralda. Frollo is determined to hang Esmeralda for refusing to accept him, but Quasimodo jumps from roof snatching Esmeralda to the cathedral where she is protected while Quasimodo hurled Frollo down from bell tower.