Jan 25, 2018 in Literature

Greek Mythology

Creon is one of the most famous figures in Greek mythology. His character is known as the leader of Thebes in the myth about Oedipus. In the legend, Creon has two children, Menoeceus and Haemon. During the story, reader understands that the main character and his sister Jocasta were offsprings of Sparta and Cadmus.

Creon’s figure appeared in various stories, legends, and myths. Formerly, this character was created by Sophocles. After some time, Creon became the hero in Shakespeare’s and Fletcher’s play “The Two Noble Kinsmen” and in Chaucer’s story “The Night’s Tale”. This figure was interpreted variously in different works.

Truthfully, inspite of different interpretations of Creon’s figure, his character is known all over the world as Sophocles’ creature. Creon is the central hero in three of Sophocles’ Theban tragedies. He comes over a transformation during the line of the story. In “Oedipus the King”, Creon seems to be a completely rational man. In the play “Antigone”, Creon is shown as an absolute tyrant. His mind refuses to recognize the connection of the family love which ties Antigone to her brother Polyneices.

The play “Antigone” tells the story of Antigone, the spawn of Oedipus. Nevertheless, Antigone is not the only character of concentration in this tragedy. Creon is also the central character of the play. He is the king of Thebes and Antigone’s uncle. As Creon’s character develops during the story, reader can understand that his actions are ruled by intrinsic individual traits. The first feature is an order requirement and the second one – a sense of morality.

With taking the throne, the main character becomes fixated on the state’s interests. When the military conflict arose, Creon was desperate to continue a sense of order in the kingdom. One reason for this is his wish to solidify his own rules. Therefore, obliged by his necessity of order, he decrees that no one may put in the ground or grieve the corpse of Polynices, Antigone's brother, who was considered a betrayer. By doing this, Creon hopes that he will repress feelings of arrogance in people who support Polynices. He says that there is no empty room for pride. Indeed, he lefts a tiny room for something that is able to worsen the stability of Thebes and is eager to convict his niece and potential fiancee to his child. The main Creon’s fear is his phobia of losing the order which, in turn, will weaken the rule and cause Thebes to move down into disorder and chaos.

If closer analyze Creon’s character, it becomes obvious that, although he seems heartless, his dealings are moderately governed by the sense of morality. However, his desire to control everyone and everything induces him to kill everyone who defies his verdict. He cannot bring himself to put to death Antigone. So even the prisoner can notice this when she says, “…your moralizing repels me”. At least, Creon overcomes his moral reasoning and denies from his punishment. The ruler travels at first to Polynices' rotting dead body and performs the appropriate cremation. Then, the king’s sense of morality leads him to free Antigone although this appears to be too late.

To my mind, Creon is one of that many people who only waste their lives fascinated by things they believe in and thus are incapable to recognize the anything that is contrary to their beliefs. Creon is like the person of a cave. He sees only his need for order and is blind to anything that can disagree with this. During the play, Creon’s character progresses obliged by the sense of morality, and he starts to change his beliefs. He tries to do his best to break the bonds he has completed for himself. Alas, his understanding comes too late; as a result, Creon’s dealings turn him back to the “cave”. 

In the play “Oedipus”, Creon has the highest position. Creon’s frugality, manipulations, and the same authority as Oedipus and Jocasta lead him to be victorious in his position and to be the viewer of the king’s throne. Creon is shown to the reader as a wise person, who has his own opinion which is different from others’. His belief is free from the influence of the society and people around him. Creon is a political figure who holds high regard for public order and leads the society to think in a different way. Creon is shown in the play in isolation with Thebes’ people. If to compare Creon to Oedipus, these two characters are completely different. This difference is quite observable. For example, when the main character brings news from the oracle, he wants to tell this secretly and privately to Oedipus. However, the second one would like better to hear the news in the presence of a lot of other ears. He wants to listen to it publically. Creon says that Oedipus is like a businessman who orientates on politics; because of this, he is a manipulation master. Reflecting on the equal event, the main character does not tell upon stable persistence from Oedipus with that of Jocasta. He brings onwards his estimation and motive against the ruler. He says that Oedipus and Jocasta rule together but without equivalent authority; in his opinion, Oedipus is only the ruler according to the name and title but no more. Later, his point of view is privileged when he is prepared to be exiled. The spectators then share kindness concerning him. After this, Creon becomes a sensible man with a powerful purpose of the public arrangement and impartial ruling.

Creon is the only individual who wins the game. He was truly a person with a hidden agenda; thanks to his intelligence, he overcomes every challenge and gets the thing he wishes.


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