Philippine Literature and Literature in the Filipino Diaspora
Traditional Forms in Contemporary Times
Many poets in the Filipino Diaspora during the 19th century addressed death or slavery in their literature works. The forms of these poems shared similarities with the Spanish poetry, as because the poets in both countries revealed progress in the contemporary times poems. The traditional poetry in Spain is characterized by the reformists focus on the factors to change in the society such as gender education or religion. Similarly, in Philippine writers discussed the gains of death amidst the sorrow that accompanies it. Filipino poets motivated the audience to relate with the emotions of sadness and joy the author is expressing. Traditional poets of the 19th century reformed the thinking of the audience through their writing styles. The change in thinking was achieved by the choices of topics, giving detailed analysis based on research from different communities and explaining the authors claims. For example, poets who wrote about the gains of death argued that for Christians death was a bonus in terms achieving possessions, because Christian believers can only obtain heavenly possessions through their death.
Through such writings, the poets captured the attention of their audiences. While many Christian believers experience grief for the loss of their loved ones, they develop positive attitudes that help through their grieving by acknowledging the life after death. Through traditional writings, contemporary poets use the realities, to which the audience can relate, thus changing their attitudes towards certain factors in life. At the same time, contemporary poetry depends on techniques to create quality writing with less traditional schemes. The reason for contemporary orientation is that traditional literature only depended on real life experiences to capture the audience, whereas contemporary literature uses distinctive characters to help the audience understand the writing. In addition, contemporary literature helps to create a comparison with other record keeping methods in literature. This means that contemporary literature borrows particular styles of writing the audiences with various dynamics can relate to in the poems, for example as captivating methods that sound realistic. As a result, literature influences the attitudes of individuals in different fields to exercise open-mindedness, freedom and creativity.
Literature, Colonization and the Struggle for Sovereignty
Literature can clearly state the mind of a person through the style of writing used. Based on several writings from domestic workers in Philippines and Saudi Arabia, the conclusion can be drawn that literature heals the wounded mind and soul of the laborers because they get to express their fears and emotions. An example of healing literature is the poem Mothers Reminders. Through literature, the audience can understand the writers experiences and change their attitudes towards domestic workers. Most of them struggle to have the freedom and control over their lives but it seems impossible because of the traditions. The traditions in Philippines and Saudi Arabia perceived domestic workers as slaves, and their employer could pay large sums of money to keep at his disposal. Because of such mentality, employers command their employees and deny their rights. The consequences of this behavior is that most workers never return home and have to give up their wishes to migrate to foreign countries permanently.
The immigrant workers constantly struggle to have control of their lives. Literature heals the hearts of their loved ones and grants hope to those in similar situations. On the other hand, Philippine literature is the observation because it evokes responses from different cultural backgrounds on how people live. The literature educates the audience on the nature of different countries, how people have to work hard abroad, and how they lose contact with their origins. The poems claim that people focus mainly on artificial objects and wealth, and the workers are willing to give up even their personal rights to earn money and possess material things. When the workers write, they present themes such as nature, slavery, love and hard work. The themes explain how individuals emphasize more on family relationships and the inner struggles of man in the foreign environments. Such themes can influence the audience to demand democratic ways of employment for foreign workers in Philippines and Saudi Arabia.
Literature, Gender and Nation
Literature not only educates the audience on the factors affecting the society, it also raises concerns on gender related issues, which have the potential to change the nations. Workers, who describe their experiences through literature, are mostly women. This means that women suffer more seriously and they cannot exercise their rights. For example, in Saudi Arabia, the traditions demand that women learn in silence, and whoever works in their country must follow the traditions. The immigrant workers have to follow the tradition as well. Nevertheless, the workers can exercise freedom and exposure, which can also benefit the nations economy in terms of acquiring new skills and techniques. In addition to learning, the nation can also encourage women through gender empowerment associations where only women write literature about real life individual experiences to change the attitudes of the audiences towards other traditions.
Literature, Globalization and Postcolonial Discourses
Through gender empowerment, the nation can experience globalization in diverse ways. Literature will be based on real life experiences of different women from the diverse cultures. Through these cultures, people gain exposure and understand how other traditions work for development of their nations. As a result, globalization can influence positively other cultures and traditions, and change their tradition to favor all cultures. Globalization can ensure independence, security and empowerment for workers in foreign countries regardless of their employment positions and gender. Moreover, literature can be important in developing historical, social and political improvements in terms of enhancing the interaction between and understanding of people. Through literature, the audience relates to the natural environments, which are described through creative writing. Literature speaks and demands justice for domestic workers in foreign countries, and voices the opinions of different genders for equality.