Jan 25, 2018 in Nursing

Analyzing Growth Charts

Analyzing Growth Charts

Malnourishment in children is one of the most distressing conditions in the world. The condition affects the growth of children to extreme levels. Studies reveal that starving children suffer from malnourishment that may lead to abnormal growth rates. It is difficult to detect and classify abnormal growth rates without proper tools. Analyzing growth needs application of the right tool to detect the slightest of abnormalities. A growth chart is one of the tools that analyzes and determines whether children are growing normally. It is valuable for nurses to have the capacity of analyzing growth charts as one of their skills in health care. This essay explains an analysis of three pediatric patients under the age of eight years (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009).

The growth chart for the child is healthy. The child’s stature is about 93cm at 2 years of age and rises to about 140 cm at 9 years. This is healthy for children at his age. The corresponding growth charts on the CDC website for 2 to 20 year boys reveal similarity with the growth curve of the boy. The CDC chart indicates that he should be about 139 at 8 years old. However, he is 136cm, and this indicates a slight difference (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). However, the deviation is not large to indicate abnormality. The clinical growth chart for this child is the stature for age and weight percentiles for boys between 2 and 20 years. The chart is indicating healthy growth. There is no chart indicating abnormal growth for the children. The child is very tall, and the health risks associated with this could be Marfan syndrome. This syndrome affects the heart and blood vessels (Mayo Clinic, 2013).

The child has normal growth according to the average growth rate. His stature reveals similarities with the corresponding average growth chart on the CDC website. I would record this record growth on the child’s growth chart by plotting his figures against the average curve numbers. This will enable parents to monitor the results and detect abnormalities that may arise.

The additional diagnostic tests that should be used with the child can include head circumference for age, weight of the child and the body mass index. These tests could be significant in detecting possible abnormalities in the growth and development of the child. I would ask the child different questions. For instance, I would ask: Does anybody in your family suffer from any abnormality? Does your schedule include physical exercises? What are your dietary preferences? I will use an interview to understand his condition.

The implication for a child with abnormal growth is that it may reveal possible manifestation of a disease. This can affect the child’s physical or cognitive development depending on the condition the child could be suffering. One health condition that may arise as a result of abnormality is obesity. I would recommend assessing the child’s body mass index and head circumference as additional tests to diagnose the tests. These tests are justifiable because they will indicate the deviations of in weight and body mass from healthy children (Pavlovich-Danis & Etienne, 2012).

I would encourage parents and health care givers to be proactive towards their children’s health. They can do that through learning skills of monitoring different indicators of growth in children. The first strategy I would use is to encourage parents to use growth charts to monitor the pattern of growth for their children. Secondly, I would encourage parents to be conscious of changes in the physical conditions of their children (Sanders et al., 2009).

In conclusion, it is essential for nurses to use different growth analysis tools to determine the pattern of growth in children. The tools can also help to analyze and detect possible deficiencies and conditions in children. Growth charts are fundamental in assessing and diagnosing growth patterns in children.

References

  1. Sanders, L.M., Shaw, J.S., Guez, G., Baur, C. and Rudd, R. (2009). Health literacy and child    health promotion: Implications for research, the clinical care and public policy. Pediatrics, 124, S306-S314
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Childhood overweight and obesity. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Clinical growth charts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/clinical_charts.html
  4. Mayo Clinic staff. (2013, February 1). Marfan Syndrome. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/marfan-syndrome/DS00540/DSECTION=symptoms
  5. Pavlovich-Danis, S. J., & Etienne, M. O. (2012). Body fat shapes patients’ health. Retrieved from http://ce.nurse.com/RetailCourseView.aspx? CourseNum=ce375- 60&page=4&IsA=1

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