The U.S Constitution & Bill of Rights
1. Using examples and historical facts, explain the key steps taken to create our Constitution. What were the founders trying to protect against?
The constitution making process begun in 1787 with few elite people. According to Pederson (2010), “during the summer of 1787, a small group of men were sweltering in Philadelphia…these merchants, lawyers, politicians, and planters were members of the constitutional convention” (p.7). The first process was to craft the nation out of 13 states by relegating each state’s power (Pederson, 2010). The idea was to reject British rule by founding a new nation after the 1775 war after which the British troops surrendered. This led to the signing of a treaty in 1783 among the two parties (Pederson, 2010). Events led to the constitutional convention of 1787 in which it was argued on how to form a new congress and number of representatives from each state, choosing a president, voting mechanism for each state, the creation of new states, establishment of taxation system, procedures towards limiting government’s powers and rights for each state (Pederson, 2010). These events led to a terrible split regarding drafting the constitution that will be a supreme law stipulating federal and state government systems.
2. Federalism is the system of government that exists in the United States. Explain the relationship between the federal and state governmental systems (include opposing systems, types of federalism and other relevant details).
The federal government system is essential the central government according to the united State constitution. It serves to establish the relative sovereignty of the overall United states of America as a nation , and the separate State functions and powers (Adrian & Melissa, 2009). Federal system is primarily governed through executive (president and delegates) and legislature (the congress). In addition, it has a judicial mechanism governed by the Supreme Court (Adrian & Melissa, 2009).
The state government system has a great influence on the American citizens by virtue of its control on the federal government exercising power over the states. The state government primarily determines the manner in which taxes and revenue will be derived and this is determined by individual states jurisdictions (Adrian & Melissa, 2009). The state government gives states the right to form their own constitutions whose jurisdiction ends at state level (Adrian & Melissa, 2009). Therefore, a similar power structure exists composing of the executive (led by the governor) and legislature.
3.How do special interest groups and mass media influence democracy, public opinion, and the political process in America?
Special interest groups and mass media have a great impact on democracy as they provide a formal, powerful, and recognizable route via which citizens’ interests can be easily represented at the federal and state levels (Adrian & Melissa, 2009). Furthermore, they serve to expose the unfair political interests and actions that can potentially affect the people’s interest.