Air Pollution and Impacts on Public Health
The increasing emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has led to sudden climatic changes. In California, the effect of climatic change can be perceived through rising sea levels, agriculture, and forest ecology. The results of climatic change caused by the emission of greenhouse gases can affect the economy, the general health of the population, agricultural system and recreational sector. Controlling the severe climatic change will be an enormous challenge. According to the scientists, a reduction of 65% to 85% greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere will be able to soothe the concentration intensity to a point where there will be less effect. The reduction will need substantial changes to be adopted apart from the alterations mostly in the manner in which the energy is being utilized in the world market and through innovative practices. Due to the enormous benefits of energy sector, industries associated with greenhouse gas emissions, agricultural industries and transportation sector, the effort to control climatic changes is needed urgently. The changes require serious governmental intervention. Needed changes will not come about without hazardous climate change, and keeping the environment safe is a responsibility of the government. Studies have revealed that to realize economic good, typically serious governmental involvement is needed. This paper addresses the key issues of how to avoid the air pollution by alleviating the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The process involves looking deeply at the environmental, social, economic and engineering factors.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions in California
California is one of the biggest markets in the local economy. The state has considerable amounts of greenhouse gas emission with less emissions from carbon dioxide produced during burning of fossil fuels. The state is composed of a large populace with stronger economy. Hence, it is a great contributor to the larger America. It contributes up to 6% to the total American greenhouse gas emission. The state is number nine emitter of greenhouse gases after other major emitters in the world. Carbon dioxide gas is mainly produced by fossil fuels; this energy produced during combustion is mainly used by households and industries within California. The emission levels have been high between 1990 and 2002. This emission has caused a diverse effect on the population of the state.
The greenhouse gases include several sources: carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, nitrogen oxide from agricultural practices and transportation activities, and methane from landfills and agricultural activities. The industrial gases released as waste products contribute a higher percentage of greenhouse gas emissions in California. Out of these emissions, carbon dioxide contributes the largest proportion, therefore much concentration on climatic change prevention revolves around the examination of carbon dioxide.
Policies for Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emission
Several plans need to be put in place in California to lessen the greenhouse gas emissions. These plans can help make the environment cleaner and safer for the population. The changes that need to be considered in controlling the emission of greenhouse gases include energy proficient policies, the major goals of which should be to lessen the energy consumption by the industries. This policy can ensure the control of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere thereby avoiding drastic or sudden climatic change. The policy will also indirectly increase employment opportunities and add value to the population of the state. The second policy that needs to be considered is the greenhouse gas board and alleviation possibilities. These considerations should include the procedures for lessening the emissions of greenhouse gases. This goal can be achieved through increasing the forest cover that can help absorb excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Another way to implement this policy is by restricting the kinds of fuel to be used by the motor vehicle industry. The use of unleaded fuel should be encouraged for it is a lesser pollutant, and it is safer for the environmental ecosystem.
Several policies under discussion can significantly reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. The achievement of energy proficiency allows more allocation of resources to the state under consideration thereby increasing employment opportunities. Several researches concentrate only on those policies that concern climate change, because they only consider common effects. Several policies in California ideally conserve the economic income and create employment for the population, because directs effects are more crucial. The general results can only be seen when the economic policies are implemented, for example, saving energy enables consumers to increase some other domestic and commercial spending, which will facilitate growth of the state.
Technological Innovations and Public Policy
To reduce emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere in order to achieve safer environment, improvements in technology and policy are needed. Improved technology in transportation sector, generation of electricity, agricultural practices, commercial and residential buildings, waste disposal are recipes to achieve the safer and more favorable environment. The government is the icon that should promote the innovation in environmental technologies.
There are several ways to decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere technologically. One method is to maintain the combustion of carbon releasing processes constant and regulate the emissions through changing to a low producing carbon fuel or by introducing advanced technologies that can absorb and keep the carbon dioxide gas. Another way that can help reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is by minimizing the processes that leads to the emission of carbon dioxide. It can be achieved through supporting greater proficiency in end use devices. The use of alternative sources of energy, such as solar energy and wind in producing basic products like electricity, can technically reduce the amount of greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere.
Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
Solution to air pollution can be achieved through reliance on clean energy supply like wind, geothermal and solar energy. Another solution is encouraging practices that increase forest cover and the use of alternative sources of motor vehicle fuels. The emissions from vehicle combustion engines contribute greatly to the pollution of the environment. In California’s cities, there are large amounts of vehicles, trains and other locomotives that are operating 24 hours and seven days a week, which leads to high pollution from harmful gases being emitted. To combat this problem, alternative sources of motor vehicles fuels need to be considered. The use of hydrogen should be implemented to a greater extent. This solution will require vast investments in infrastructure and motor vehicles. In the current situation, the fuel is considered efficient. However, most of most of its modern types are pollutants consisting of carbon dioxide and lead oxides. Alternative fuels can tremendously cut down the emission of harmful greenhouse gases thereby keeping the environment safer for both plants and animals. The alternative sources of fuel can lessen the greenhouse gas emission by 90%. The only disadvantage is that it is expensive and there is also a bounded driving span. Blending fuels with safer products like ethanol can also lessen greenhouse gas emission by 25%.
Another way of reducing greenhouse gas emission is by introducing battery powered vehicles or electric vehicles and trains. These vehicles do not burn any fossil fuels, as they use energy in the form of electricity, and, therefore, no carbon is emitted. The only disadvantage is that these vehicles will be more expensive. According to many researches, diesel and gasoline in combustion is less expensive. Although they are expensive, with advancement in technology, they will improve performance, which will then lead to safer fuel economy and less pollution. The best technology that should be adopted is hybrid drive trains that use diesel and gasoline. Other ways to technologically decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere may include maintaining the combustion of carbon releasing processes constant and regulating the emissions through changing to a low producing carbon fuel, or introducing advanced technologies that can absorb and keep carbon dioxide gas. Another way that can help reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is minimizing the processes that leads to the emission of this gas. This goal can be achieved through supporting greater proficiency in end use devices. The use of alternative sources of energy such as solar energy and wind power energy can provide more solutions as well.
A Cap and Trade Program
One of the best methods that can be used to control emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere in California is introduction of the cap and trade system. This method can help steer economy and provide direction in economic behavior concerning gas emissions in the surrounding environment. Cap and trade programs also avail incentives for the emission of greenhouse gases with low environmental effects. They are well-known in developing market regulation for helping protect the environment. Additionally, newly designed bylaws and innovative laws can lead to a safer living environment in California. Cap and trade program have been employed to reduce pollution in different situations. For example, a successful cap and trade program can provide can guard human health as well as the environment. It can also enhance cultural and social values.
The imperative step in greenhouse gas mitigation is the vehicle GHG regulation. The use of hydrogen should be implemented to a greater level, which will require vast investment in infrastructure and motor vehicles. In the current situation, efficient fuel is a great pollutant due to its constituents. Alternative fuel can tremendously cut down the emission of harmful greenhouse gases simultaneously keeping the environment safer and cleaner.
The policies discussed above can significantly lessen the emissions of greenhouse gases. The achievement of energy proficiency allows more allocation of resources to the state under consideration thereby increasing the rate of employment. Several researches concentrate only on policies concerning climate change, because they only focus on common effects that are noticed by the public. Several policies in California can ideally conserve the economic income and create employment for the population, because directs effects are far more important. The general results can only be seen when economic policies are implemented. For instance, saving energy enables consumers to heighten some other domestic and commercial spending, which then enhances the economic growth of the state.
All in all, the greenhouse gas emissions can be eradicated with the mitigation policies that can be sufficiently and easily met without any negative effects on the economic growth. These policies can also be effective if they are implemented in a way that promotes technological advancement and delivers progress to energy proficiency. To totally eradicate greenhouse gas emissions, the government needs to be seriously involved in the process, for it is the responsibility of any government to provide clean environment for its people.