Jan 25, 2018 in Research

book The Analysis of the Strategic Integration of Facilities Management Part 3

4.3.4 Importance of Integration of Facilities Management and Building Information Management (BIM) In Property Management

In the responses derived in the analysis section, most respondents indicated that there was a significant difference between the old and the new model of construction and development of a project. Most of the respondents indicated that the difference was defined by the facility integration. Since all the respondents were conversant with the older practice, it follows that each recognized that facility management was a key addition to the old model. The fact that most respondents are aware of the change means that they are aware of the immense benefits that it has surfaced to the practice.

In addition to this, the majority of the respondents are those who acknowledged the challenges that have been solved. This implies that the facility management integration has led to the simplification of the practice. This finding is consistent with the finding of Lauffer (2010) in which it was stated that several changes have taken place ranging from reduction of the time taken in producing cost estimations to the provision of strategic guidelines before initiating the process. This confirms that the new system has been essentially effective throughout.

Moreover, for the question regarding whether the integration of facility management has led to the reduction of cost, the commonplace answer was a yes. As it has been established previously throughout the text, huge costs have been saved. A good account of such a cost is those involved in the production of cost estimates. Since facility management has eliminated the long process, the costs, which were previously incurred, have been eliminated.

Moreover, there has been a change in experience of the construction and development practitioners following the integration of strategic facility management. The construction and development experience that they put through by the older experience is inferior when compared to the experience that the new approach puts them through. The facility management aspect of the new approach has made the practice more interactive and, at the same time, has led to a simplified practice. The practitioners are no longer subjected to the unendowing process of the older approach.

4.3.5 Challenges of Successful Implementation of Facilities Management Strategies

From the analysis of the questions that sought to discover whether or not the facility management improved the inception stage, most respondents purported that it was very efficient in improving the inception stage but very inferior in its attempt to improve the completion stage. The key to this response is that, as it has been established earlier, facility management was integrated for its strategic attributes. It provides the strategy regarding the manner in which the construction and development of projects can be initiated and conducted through in the best way possible while eliminating the prevalent problems of the older model. This means that the inception stage was well covered, but the completion stage remained the same as it was with the older model. While the integration of facility management was meant to improve most of the attributes of the modern day construction and development, it necessarily means that there are bits that were not improved. In other words, the facility management was integrated to eliminate the challenges and difficulties faced with the use of the older model. This finding is consistent with the finding of the research conducted by AIA (2007), in which it was indicated that the benefits of the integration of facility management are not spread throughout. Rather, it is more beneficial during the initial stages of construction and development processes of a project and not during the completion stages of a project. Therefore, based on these parameters, it can be claimed that though the facility management integration has been effective, it is not the case with the later stages of modern construction and development of a project.

4.3.6 Role of BIM in modern FM and property development

The questions in this section were aimed at deriving the role, the impact and the improvements that the integration of BIM into the modern day facility management and project development has had. As it is widespread in this case, it was noted that there have been significant differences between the old model and the new model and at the center of these changes has been the BIM. In the BIM in construction management sub-section, it was established that due to the series of challenges that architectures constantly face, coordination is integral and BIM has met this need. As a result, collisions at the first phase where the exact location of the discrepancies is identified have been detected. This view is consistent with the view of Kaner, Sacks, Kassian and Quitt (2008) in which it is indicated that the BIM concept usually envisages virtual construction of a facility before its actual physical construction. As a result, uncertainties, safety, works out challenges are significantly reduced and at the same time, potential impacts are analyzed and simulated.

In facility operation, respondents indicated that integration of BIM in the modern facility management and property development has provided an essential link to the loss of information in handling building from design, construction and to the owner of a building. This aligns to the findings of Goedert and Meadati (2008) in which it is indicated that this bridging is usually allows each of the identified group to add to and at the same time reference back to every information which they acquire during the period in which they make contributions, to the model. In addition to this, similar to the findings of most research studies, the respondents indicated that this yields significant benefits to the owner or the operator of the project.

In BIM and building design, it was established that with such an integration, it follows that practitioners are better to expand their experiences BIM emerges a better way of designing architectural structures.  Moreover, a majority of the respondents indicated that BIM has the and this has necessarily made visualization of buildings a free byproduct t5hus providing an invaluable guidance to the designer of a building and has enabled communication of a design to the clients.

For Integration of BIM and impacts on construction, it has been established that there is a better coordination of construction. This is consistent with the findings of Isikdag and Underwood (2001) in which it is indicated that especially for general contractors, the use of BIM tools for coordinating space, in addition to, schedules are essentially effective especially for large modern projects on sites in urban locations where staging areas are often at a premium.

With regard to BIM and preventive maintenance the creation of database necessary for ongoing preventive maintenance unlike the case with the older mode has been resulted into. On the part of life cycle management, the profile of building life cycle management has been significantly raised and at the same time, it has provided value in the management of relevant data regarding the current or the contemporary times building conditions and at the same time facilitate the analysis of the existing alternatives. Further, with reference to building automation systems Integration of BIM into the modern day facility management and project development has enabled building automation systems, which have in turn led to the providence of real time monitoring, as well as, control of sophisticated mechanical systems used in the contemporary world buildings. This confirms that the integration of BIM has been very essential as it has brought significant changes to the scene.


5.1 Conclusion and Recommendations

This particular research study sought to explore the effectiveness of the Strategic Integration of Facilities Management in Modern Construction and Sustainable Property Development. It has been related that facility managers continuously face the challenge of improving and standardizing the quality of information they have on their disposal, both on meeting their daily operational needs and providing the management with reliable data for organized management and planning. This emerging technology of BIM is poised to provide a new level of functionality for building management and the physical assets in them. Facility and asset management have primarily relied on data-centric application for their tasks in informational support. As it has been established, the BIM provide a unified digital repository to all building components and a full 3D dimensional model that is capable of displaying views and clarity that typically eludes users who are bot schooled in interpreting 2D drawings for buildings. This application has the capability to attach an infinite range of data components to both models, either within the internal database of the application such Oracle which creates potential data repository that helps in documentation. For instance, BIM space component has been supplemented to track information like room number, calculation of area, reference URLs among several other attributes (Carroll, 2010). As a relatively new technology, the capability of BIM has not been fully utilized in commercial FM system. However, Building Information Management is a complex application that is not fully suited to a casual user. More complex savvy and technological organizations may have the resources to ensure full employment of BIM specialists in the maintenance of BIM models in the facilities.

The researcher undertook a qualitative research study. To do this, the researcher paid focus on both the changes and the outcome in order to explore the extent of effectiveness of the Strategic Integration of Facilities Management in Modern Construction and Sustainable Property Development. This research study involved collecting both primary and secondary data. The primary data was drawn from academic literature, and this was through a review of the previous literature (Carroll 2010). On the other hand, the primary data was drawn from the study respondents. In this regard, the researcher had identified 40 participants, but only 35 were usable. To collect data on this population, the researcher used interviews, and these were conducted through a questionnaire. Before administering the questionnaire, the researcher conducted a pilot study in order to establish the perceived flaws of the questionnaire. Once the data was collected, the researcher used SPSS software in order to conduct data analysis. From the analysis, it was established that to a large extent, the Strategic Integration of Facilities Management in Modern Construction and Sustainable Property Development has been effective. This effectiveness has been gauged considering such parameters as the Concepts of Building Information Management, Cost estimation, Involvement of facility management, Importance of integration of facilities management and building information management (BIM) in property management, factors required for optimizing the integration of strategic facilities management into full property development framework and the challenges of successful implementation of facilities management strategies (Carroll 2010). From each of these, inferring from the responses and consistency with the findings of the previous research studies, it was established that the new model has been effective on each. However, it was established that it has not been entirely effective considering the Challenges of successful implementation of facilities management strategies. On one hand, it was established that it played a key role during the inception stage of the new model but did not considering the later stages of the same. It was established that its integration provides the practitioner with the strategies necessary to undertake the process but does very little to guide him or her through to the end stages. As it has been established, facility management integration was initiated only to eliminate the problems and challenges that were previously faced. In this regard, the problems were mainly in the inception stage but very minimal in the completion stage. Therefore, it was perceived that the new model has not been effective as such in this area.

Based on the responses, it is recommended that  rather than have the facility management playing a role only at the inception and some few other stages within the modern construction and development of projects, it is necessary to include strategies that will ensure that it is effective and supportive throughout. The integration of facility management in the modern construction and development was mainly established to improve on the older practice. Inability to improve the previous model entirely lacks objectivity. In order to produce the most worthwhile results, it is necessary to ensure that every bit of the previous model has been changed. This implies that even the later stages of construction and development of a project have to be changed in order to achieve the best outcomes.

Another recommendation pertains to the usability of the facility management element of the modern construction and development of projects. As it was established earlier in the study, in the analysis of the responses, it was found out that there are those respondents that were unable to use the new model owing to the complexities entailed. There are the respondents that preferred the older model. Taking this into consideration, there is a need to ensure uniform usage of the model in the modern day world practice. It is very damaging when some practitioners are using an older model while others are using the newer model. This might even lead up to compromised quality of projects and structures. In this context, it is necessary to ensure uniformity. This cannot be achieved unless each of the pratit6ioners has become accustomed to the new model. To become accustomed, there is a need for all the complexities entailed in attempting to apply the new model to be explained to each party especially those who are unable to apply it. The best way to do this is to provide an explicit framework, which seeks to guide the practitioners though for a better and uniform practice.

This leads to the necessity for further research. In this regard, there is a need to establish strategies necessary for making the facility management more useful throughout rather than being only useful with regard to the inception and few other stages and being entirely inapplicable in the completion stage. This means that there is a need for further research. As such, further research to establish strategies that will ensure applicability of facility management all through the new model will be necessitated to improve the practice even further. With the strategies available, the facility management will support the whole process, and more challenges will be eliminated.

5.2 Further Work

As it has been established, the integration of facility management has been when applied in all the stages of project development except for the later stages such as the completions stage . As AIA (2007) defines, a change means transforming every bid of a particular model in order to realize the full array of benefits that the change presents. Mapping this to the study, it means that there is a need to research on further strategies that will support the application of the facility management on the entire model. Researchers will have to look into what else could be done in order to ensure that the model is entirely changed. Considering that idea here is a strategic facility management, it means that it should not only look into the general perspectives or the general problems of the older model and thus seek to eliminate these problems. Rather, it should seek to identify the prevalent problems with the older model, seek to establish the possible problems with the later stages of construction and development, as well as, the foreseeable and potential benefits that the facility management might be effective in. The current nature of integration partly does this. To ensure a better practice and improvement of the industry, there is a need to ensure all these have been looked into and attained. With the current research, this is not possible. This calls for further work, which cannot be achieved unless the research is embarked on. While this is the case, ensuring that all users of the model are accustomed and familiar with the applicability of the model is also essential. As it was identified after the analysis of the questionnaires, not all the users were conversant with the applicability and thus resulted into using the older model. There is a need also to research on these difficulties in its applicability. With research, the difficulties and challenges will be contained, and every user will be able to apply the new model in their practices and thus a massive improvement of the industry.


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