Oct 22, 2019 in Research

Effects of Alcohol on Teenage Drinking

Abstract

The current research proposal focuses on the essence of underage drinking as a leading factor in the development of inappropriate health conditions among students because of alcohol abuse. The paper analyses reliable sources and provides the reader with a comprehensive literature review. In addition, it provides with a research proposal aimed to evaluate the frequency of drinking habits among students. It mentions methods and ethical aspects used in the process of evaluation. Finally, the paper informs the reader on the most significant effects of alcohol on human organism. There is a special attention to the problem of youth facing alcohol abuse. By the end of the paper, the reader obtains a comprehensive review of the possible ways aimed to assess and analyze information regarding teenage drinking.

 

Effects of Alcohol on Teenage Drinking

Introduction

The contemporary life of teenagers differs from the life of previous generations. It is not a secret that contemporary teenagers tend to focus on freedom and free choice of their activities. Youth dictates the rule that there are no limits and everything is possible. However, there is an alarming topic for the discussion worrying minds of many sociologists and social workers. Alcohol abuse is rapidly becoming a problem of youth as there are many teenagers turning to alcohol abuse at early ages. None of them thinks that alcohol has a destructive force on human organism especially at the early stages of the development. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of alcohol on teenagers with the help of the diversity of methods and evaluation criteria that help to understand teenagers’ dependence on alcohol. At the end of the paper, it will be possible to obtain a comprehensive review of literature and evaluate its essence regarding the development of a young organism along with active penetration of alcohol into it. The research question of the study focuses on the identification of the effects and consequences of alcohol on a teenager and his lifestyle. The objects of the study are teenagers with their unique lifestyles, their everyday routine, and role of alcohol in their lives. In addition, the paper mentions several aspects regarding the search of solutions to the problem. The further research will focus on a hypothesis touching the problems of youth related to alcohol abuse and intoxication of organism with alcohol as the main consequence.

Literature Review

The diversity of authors dedicates their works to the evaluation of effects of alcohol on teenagers. Melodee Hanes, the employee of the U.S. Department of Justice, reflects the main highlights in her article about underage drinking. For example, she mentions that underage drinking is rather a costly phenomenon of the development of young generation, which has a significant influence on the national budget. It costs over $50 billion dollars to the nation to fight with consequences of underage drinking. In addition, the author focuses on the point that human organism develops until the age of 25 . It means that alcohol has a destructive force on organism under that age.

Clea McNeely and Jayne Blanchard are other authors who dedicate their works to the effects of toxic chemicals in tobacco and alcohol on the brain functions. It is the research that adds information to the study conducted by Hanes. The authors mention that drugs destroy neurons in brain without any possibility to restore them.

Peter Anderson, Avalon de Brujin, Kathryn Angus, Ross Gordon, and Gerard Hastings also conducted the research on the mentioned topic. They evaluated that the media has a serious impact on the development of inappropriate behavior among individuals. The authors claim that media becomes a trigger and a factor influencing inappropriate behavioral patterns and unhealthy decisions. Students, in turn, are connected to the media on a daily basis, thus it makes sense to develop appropriate methods to combat underage drinking.

Elizabeth Shilling, Robert Aseltine, Jaime Glanovsky, Amy James, and Douglas Jacobs are the authors who work on the topic of alcohol abuse. Their studies are shocking compared to other sources on alcohol abuse. The authors mention that the main problem of alcohol abuse is that it leads to suicidal mood. In this aspect, it is important to research the question concerning underage drinking and combat it as soon as possible in order to save young generation.

Jacqueline Miller, Timothy Naimi, Robert Brewer, and Sherry Jones researched the problem of underage drinking. The authors examine the essence of alcohol drinking among students of high school and coordinate the research with statistical data from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The research indicated that approximately a half of the participants (high school students) were reported to drink alcohol during the period of 30 days. It means that these numbers are alarming enough to evoke interest for further evaluation.

According to Masten, Faden, Zucker, and Spear, “Alcohol use, problems, abuse, and dependence are related to age in multiple ways.” The authors dedicate their work to the essence of alcohol drinking. In general, the aim of the article is to show that alcohol has a destructive force on the organism in general. It destroys organs from the inside without any chance to restore them.

Methods

The research design of the problem is the core of the whole research proposal, which evaluates the most important areas, which have a huge significance to the research process. In terms of underage drinking it is necessary to research such additional topics as reasons of alcohol abuse, risk factors, connection to health, further life implications, and options aimed to help to recognize and treat a teenager suffering from alcohol poisoning. These areas have a direct connection to the researched problem and build its essence in different aspects, which have a significant influence on teenagers’ life. Hopefully, the research may become a guide for many teenagers aimed to teach how to avoid mistakes related to alcohol at the early stages of human development. It is appropriate to discuss these topics as it formulates further development of protection and effective response to the problems of alcohol drinking faced by youth. For example, the reasons for alcohol drinking may vary starting from the desire to express freedom and the right to act as adults to the family problems and genetic predisposition based on the dependency of a family member on alcohol. Alcohol drinking also leads to the diversity of risks related to unruly ways of behavior, destruction of property, violence, injuries, and death. There are many accidents proving that alcohol has a huge negative effect on organism in general regardless of the age. However, in youth, it has a significant influence on the development of organism. Many studies helped to understand that there is an essential influence of alcohol on brain and its primary functions that help human organism to perform in a healthy way. Finally, there is a need to remind teenagers that it is possible to help each other avoid alcohol abuse. In addition, the research should help teenagers respond to the situations with alcohol abuse in a proper way.

Teenagers participating in surveys, tests and various researches are common students of high school attending it on a regular basis. In fact, the only criterion for the selection is age. Teenagers from 16 to 19 are the main participants who will help to evaluate the effects of alcohol on human organism. It is obvious that as soon as an individual reaches the age of 16 , he feels as if he is already an adult and can taste all benefits of the adulthood. The research will be based on dividing teenagers into groups randomly. There will be 20 participants in two groups. At this stage, there is no need to make groups. The test results will be an appropriate criterion to generate results and integrate them in groups in order to see the effects of alcohol drinking. However, young minds can hardly understand that alcohol is a disadvantage rather than a benefit. Recruiting participants is another important point in the research. It is necessary to create a mixture of processes aimed at evaluation of the problem. First, it is important to create tests and surveys to evaluate the effects and consequences of alcohol on human organism in general. Tests should be anonymous, as it will help participants to give true answers and make the research clear. However, each questionnaire should include the question about the age of the participant in order to generate results and sort them according to the age criterion. In addition, it might be important to mention age in order to see the dependency between age and differences in alcohol abuse. The second part of the recruiting will be based on interviews and group meetings. It will take place as soon as test results are ready for generation and integration in the research. Another step will be based on the following process. An experimental group of teenagers will be collected in the same random way, while controlling group will include participants according to their age and experience in alcohol drinking. Personal talks can help to have heart-to-heart conversations and evaluate the initial reasons for alcohol abuse. Group meetings, in its turn, should help to evaluate the consequences and effects of alcohol abuse based on the experience of all participants. In addition, group conversation can help all participants share information without fear to be misunderstood.

In order to make the research efficient and effective at the same time, it is necessary to have an appropriate set of materials for the evaluation of all objectives mentioned at the beginning of the research proposal. First, it is necessary to use various photos in the tests designed in order to obtain a comprehensive view on the problem. In addition, it will be essential to use a recorder in order not to waste time on making notes. It will help to record all group conversations and evaluate them in further analysis of each participant. Tests, in its turn, will also be an important part of the research. Designed questions will help to understand minds of the participants and their attitude regarding alcohol abuse and its influence on young generation. 20 copies of each test should be made with several extra samples in case someone makes a mistake or chooses inappropriate answers during the process of testing. In addition, it will be appropriate to print factsheets covering the topic of alcohol abuse and its effects, which hospitals and social institutions are always ready to provide. All these materials will help to obtain effective results.

In terms of variables, it is possible to mention the following aspects. Independent variables include tests conducted in order to evaluate the research question with the help of two groups of participants. The dependent variable is the one which will focus on the measurements of further indicators. For example, if there is a participant, who tends to express extra results of testing (high penetration of the participant’s lifestyle with alcohol), it will be appropriate to apply one of the dependent variables – methods of assessing and analyzing information. It will be convenient to conduct additional interviews and make appropriate tests in order to analyze the participant’s life and organism’s performance in terms of active usage of alcohol. In this case, it will be important to analyze brain activity, social integration, and an overall level of prosperity of the participant. As for extraneous variables, which can influence the outcomes of the study, the permission from the director of school is required to analyze the participants and the timetable of students. Timetable, in its turn, may prevent all participants from getting together and collecting information in the integrated way. However, it is possible to solve these problems and regulate the outcomes of the study.

In order to replicate the study, it is necessary to conduct several processes, which should take a mandatory place in building the research. First, the researcher should get acquainted with the problem by means of surveys, statistical data, hospital reports, and various articles published in reliable sources such as medical journals. As it is a health issue, it is necessary to generate questions for tests and interviews based on physical and psychological health indicators. In order to evaluate triggers of alcohol abuse in teenager years, it is necessary to create an appropriate set of questions, which can be sensitive to the vulnerability of teenagers and help to evaluate the research question at the same time. For example, one of the common questions can relate to the fear of being misunderstood while attending a party and refusing to drink alcohol. Anonymous questions should be a mandatory instrument of the evaluation of the topic. It will help to formulate straightforward and honest questions. As soon as the researcher receives answers at the first stage of assessment, it will be appropriate to split 20 participants into two groups according to their age and preferences in lifestyle. It will be important to respond to each group in a specific way in order to obtain the initial reasons, consequences and risk factors related to alcohol drinking in each group. Finally, the collected results should be generated in the system allowing to assess and analyze information according to the set of objectives of the research. In general, the process of defining the effects of alcohol on teenagers is simple enough to design or correct at any stage of the research. For example, if the researcher wants to add questions, it is possible to include them in personal talks or group interviews depending on the question’s content. In general, the whole process of evaluation should be based on the personal experience of each student. It is obvious that only personal experience of each participant can help to bring efficiency in the research results. Participants should be honest and straightforward enough to provide the researcher with the clarity of the process.

Data Analysis

In the process of analyzing data and results of interviews and anonymous tests, it will be appropriate to apply a t-test in order to obtain comprehensive understanding of the problem and generate results in the system of statistical data. For example, the t-test may evaluate that one out of two students experienced alcohol intoxication at least once in a lifetime. T-tests are effective for the evaluation of results, when there are only two groups. It is simple and effective as it provides the most accurate results compared to other tests such as ANOVA. In addition, the t-test will help to generate the obtained results and prove that the whole process of the research along with statistical tests is appropriate for the evaluation on the global level. The results of the small research can be effective in different aspects. For example, it may be important for the school, where the research is conducted. It will help to understand the level of alcohol abuse among teenagers. In its turn, school will be able to reduce the problem and act appropriately in order to influence the level of health among students. In fact, these results may also be important for local hospitals, which play a major role in shaping health of young generation. It is obvious that further implementation of the results in the design of the school’s healthcare initiatives can become an essential input in teaching youth to take alcohol in moderate amounts. However, in general, it is necessary to give up drinking alcohol in youth as it slows down the developmental processes. In addition, there is a need to help schools to dig into the problem of alcohol drinking and respond to the problems of youth in order to combat the negative influence of alcohol. It will not only save health of many teenagers, but will also increase the number of intellectual resources.

Ethics and Human Relations

In order to perform all necessary tests and interviews, it is necessary to figure out certain ethical issues, which may influence the development of the research. For example, it will be appropriate to ask school for a written permission to conduct the research based on high school. The director must approve all tests and interview questions to make sure the process will make no harm or offense to students. In addition, it will be necessary to coordinate the schedule of the research with the timetable of each student. Students will be taken from different classes, so it is required to coordinate time, when it is the most appropriate moment for both the researcher and participants to meet. A researcher, in turn, should produce a written statement stating that he is the one responsible for keeping information shared by the students confidential without any chance to let others know about authors of the shared information. After classes, all participants will come to the room of the psychologists or any classroom in order to take tests and answer interview questions. This process will take no more than two hours. It means that all permissions are valid within 2-3 hours on the mentioned date. In general, all ethical aspects will be considered and negotiated with directors and teachers of the school involved in the research. In addition, the researcher, in his turn, should provide the school with a written statement meaning that he will do no harm to the participants of the survey and interview.

Conclusion

It is obvious that teenage life is full of complications. However, youth tends to complicate their lives with various unhealthy methods. Alcohol has a destructive influence on human body at any stage of life. In youth, its influence is excessively high as it hampers the development of the whole organism. Teenagers tend to neglect health issues thinking there is no point in keeping health at the same level. The proposed research is a program that helps to evaluate the essence of alcohol drinking among teenagers. The simple test-based research helps to relate to the reasons, risk factors, consequences and overall effects of alcohol on teenager’s life. In the psychological aspect, the researched question helps to understand the triggers of alcohol drinking in youth. It is the point that explains the set of factors influencing inappropriate decisions made by youth. The results of the tests and interviews generated with the help of the t-test will help to integrate the obtained information in the healthcare system on the local level. It will become an effective basis of the prevention strategies. Finally, the research proposal contains the literature review proving that the problem of underage drinking is a serious problem, which attracts attention of many sociologists and healthcare professionals.

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