Ethnic discrimination is judging or treating someone or a group of people on irrelevant basis due to their race or ethnic group (Drydakis & Vlassis, 2007). For example, the Jewish in Nazi Germany were treated badly and even killed because of being Jewish. Also, Indians are subjected to ethnic discrimination by the British country.
Ethnic discrimination can be of various forms as follows:
- Direct – This is when one is treated badly or less favored as compared to others due to their ethnic group or the race one belongs to. The person can be less favored at place of work or in shopping places where one can be treated differently from others or receive different services from persons of different ethnic group.
- Indirect –This happens when an organization adopts a policy that discriminates people from other ethnic group and/or favors others. This may be in terms of employment, hence, the employment opportunities will not be available to some people. In this case, therefore, those who are biased receive discrimination indirectly.
- Harassment – When one’s conduct or behavior affects and violates the rights of another person.
- Victimization- This happens when a person defending the rights of a certain group from being discriminated in turn receives bad treatment. One is subjected to ethnic discrimination for supporting a certain ethnic group (Goldberg et al., 1996).
The images above show protest and campaigns against ethnic discrimination. They show people rioting as others demonstrate against racial discrimination. Other images show discrimination of some ethnic groups due to their color through cartoons and through writing. Activities that campaign against racial discrimination are through memorial meeting, torch lights and info stands, solidarity picketing, demonstrations, and press releases. These activities help the minority and those discriminated to air their grievances and present their complaints to the government to improve their living standards and comfort ability of their being (Goldin & Rouse, 2000).
Pros of Protests and Fight against Ethnic Discrimination
The protests as shown in the photos against discrimination have helped a lot in restoring back the rights of the ethnic group subjected to discrimination, and have helped them in achieving the following.
- Freedom – the groups have gained freedom of speech. They can be able to air their views and be head clearly and their grievances be addressed. They can move to places they were not allowed to move to without any restrictions.
- Equal job opportunities – this has been enhanced by setting up of Racial Quotas. These are places to ensure that the hiring, admitting, and promoting activities are carried out without ethnic group discrimination. This helps in diminishing racial discrimination and reducing under representation of some ethnic groups that were subjected to discrimination.
- Better education - all schools were under equality, and all races could attend the schools they liked and preferred depending on their qualification. This ensures that the ethnically discriminated groups got better and more quality education that all other groups got.
- BetterHospitals and Housing Facilities- the groups got better services in hospitals due to equality, and they were able to secure better housing since they could afford to pay after getting better jobs that were not available before (Harrison & List, 2004).
Cons of Ethnic Discrimination
- Discrimination in the labor market- the discriminated group had less job opportunities, which lead them to be unemployed, and poverty levels increase in the community due to discrimination.
- Harassment - the groups suffered harassment in job places and in offices where they needed services.
- The ethnic groups under discrimination suffered due to receiving poor services in hospitals and poor housing because of the places where they lived and no good jobs due to discrimination.
- Poor education. They cannot access better school with quality education since they are discriminated due to their ethnic group. This leads to poor education and, as a result, to lower chances and opportunities in getting jobs.
- Some people in the ethnic group were detained, and this leads to the fear among people in the ethnic group since their rights had been infringed upon (Neumark, 1996).
The demonstrations and protests lead to improvement and diminishing of the ethnic discrimination which improved the lifestyle and living standards of the ethnic groups.