Sexual Disorder in Women
In the research paper under study, researchers tried to answer two research-intensive questions: what is the cause of low sexual desire in women and how can this problem be fixed? Sexual disorders cause numerous relationships constraints, as well as divorces, globally (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). The research was an attempt to consciously improve people’s awareness of the biology of women and help women and men alike understand the problem of low sexual desire since any woman may at one point in her life experience such problem. What is worse is that men are more often than not misunderstand their spouses or girlfriends at the onset of such a reversible problem (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010).
The study was conducted mainly by analyzing the scientific results that had been previously collected from subjects. The study was also an in-depth view on the common sexual dysfunctional problems that women report to doctors as documented by medical centers and counseling therapies. Laboratory testing or studying was also conducted on women to establish the various stimuli that would positively solve low sexual drive or stimulation (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). Physical examination was also employed to determine the extent to which low sexual drive can affect women in terms of them feeling pain during intercourse. Questionnaire research was extensively used to determine the effect of such feelings as stress, anxiety and moods on sexual arousal.
The research findings established that around 25% of women experience low sexual desire in their lifetime. Distress only seemed to decrease the prevalence of sexual dysfunction. The emotional well-being and the prevalent circumstances seemed to have a significant impact on the problem of low sexual desire. The main sexual disorders that were out of clear details were orgasmic disorder, hypoactive sexual desire and arousal disorder (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). Most experts agreed on the fact that even though sexual desire is not dependent on arousal, it can be provoked by arousal or stimulation. The factors that were most likely to reduce sexual motivation were an ineffective system of sexual responsiveness, lack of sexual stimuli and negative circumstances. From the large pool of candidates of both genders selected, it was established that men and women exhibit different reasons for sex (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). Since women respond more to emotional motives, it becomes easier for them to develop low interest in sex. This is particularly so for such long relationships as marriages where the sexual arousal of women is more often than not decreases significantly. For women, genital response rarely leads to arousal. Circumstances by and large contribute to the arousal of a woman (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010).
Hormones and such factors as distractions and negative thoughts are believed to greatly affect the sexual arousal in women. From the studies, it was found that previous sexual experiences contribute largely to how women respond to sexual advances. Some women may have negative sexual experiences, such as rape or degrading partners, that greatly determine their future sexual responses (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). As for the hormonal effects, testosterone was found to influence sexual arousal more, especially due to the fact that its level varies significantly before and after menopause. Testosterone and oestradiol measurements were also discovered to be hard to rely on, especially for women after menopause. Low testosterone levels were discovered to cause a number of problems, such as low energy, low sexual drive, and general depression. Somatic diseases alongside such medication as antipsychotics were also discovered to reduce sexual desire (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010).
The researchers’ findings were very credible and I would completely agree with them. However, more details should have been paid attention to such factors as the experiences of married women, indicating the percentage of them that either develop or solve low sexual arousal problem. The part about drugs and medication should have been limited to a few lines and more attention should be devoted to the everyday experiences in women’s lives that lead them to develop lower sexual arousal. The researchers should also have talked more on single women and provide facts about how their sexual arousal varies (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010).
The studies do not generalize to other people, especially those of different cultures. They seemed more targeted towards American women alone since even the target groups consisted mostly of the American citizens. In the context of other cultures, the studies would shift the reasoning significantly since women in different societies are faced with different challenges (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010). The study was also not inclusive of the different women age groups since it is expected that in teenage years, sexual activity is more likely to be at its peak. The studies should have taken into account women’s low sexual drive across all age groups and not just before or immediately after menopause (Both, Laan, & Schultz, 2010).
In the big picture, the study should be a sigh of relief to many separated, divorced, or even dating partners since they can both understand the psychology of a woman and react accordingly. Women should be the main beneficiaries of such study since it may help them understand their bodies more in a society where men always try to be right and blame women for not satisfying them. In this day and age where gender equality is being advocated for, such studies will ensure that partners understand each other better than before and that blame can be reduced and clinical treatment or professional counsel sought.
- Both, S., Laan, E., & Schultz, W. W. (2010). Disorders in sexual desire and sexual arousal in women, a 2010 state of the art. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, December 2010; 31(4): 207–218.