The Future of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing becomes an integral part of computer life, however, the experts start asking a question, whether there is a future of cloud computing technologies outside corporate computer services. Some experts believe that cloudy decisions will enjoy popularity in trade, financial and many other spheres, and other analysts do not see the application of these decisions outside IT sector. Today cloudy applications are often used for automation of business by means of CRM, ERP, PSA and HR systems that are stored at remote servers. People use cloudy tools for collaboration with documents, text processing, organization of videoconferences and many other things. Lots of organizations transfer the most important data to cloudy storages, gradually refusing expensive servers and systems of backup, even telephone systems move to clouds. As cloudy technologies become more and more universal, and the existing IT systems of small and medium-sized companies become more and more outdated, the growth rates will quickly increase. In this economically unstable situation it is extremely difficult to predict the market size. Nevertheless, if even the most modest forecasts, in which 30 — 40 billion dollars appear, are taken into account, it is possible to claim: there is the great potential for cloud computing.
The paper will discuss the aspects of fast development of cloud computing and results of its availability for everybody’s usage, some tendencies connected with the development of cloud computing, its benefits and perspectives for the future.
All these tendencies only amplify every year, and in the future the software will be “somewhere far behind the horizon”, and the information from it will pass through some filters before starting to interact with the user’s computer. For the same reason, the applications, created on a platform as a service, will not be demanding to the opportunities of the computer equipment at all. At least that is what Ranga Bodla, the director of NetSuite on vertical marketing, considers.
Fast Development of Cloudy Technologies
The basis for creation and fast development of cloudy computing systems served large Internet services, such as Google, Amazon and others as well as technical progress. This fact proved that the emergence of cloud computing was only a matter of time. The development of the following tendencies allowed cloudy systems to become more available.
- The development of multinuclear processors brought the increase in productivity possessing the same equipment; depreciation of the equipment, as a result of operational costs; decrease in energy consumption of cloudy systems. For the majority of the data processing centers it is really a problem in power accumulation.
- The increase in capacities of data carriers, depreciation of storage 1 Mb of information allowed increasing volumes of the stored information infinitely; reducing the service cost of information storages. It has increased considerably the volumes of the stored data.
- The development of technology of multiline programming resulted in an effective use of computing resources of the multiprocessor systems; flexible distribution of computing capacities of clouds.
- The development of virtualization technologies resulted in creation of the software allowing to create virtual infrastructure. It does not depend on the quantity of the provided hardware resources. This tendency contributes to ease of scaling, building of systems, reduction of expenses on administration of cloudy systems, availability of virtual infrastructure through the Internet.
Priority to the Modular Software
Complexity and the sizes of separate programs grow very fast. At the same time, many companies seek to cut expenses, breaking IT infrastructure into separate components. Besides, many of them demand from the developers to provide additional possibilities of new functions, which should not affect operability of the existing programs. In this regard, the main emphasis in the course of the software development will be put on modules. Thanks to it, it will be possible to establish dynamic parts of the appendix, without stopping and without restarting it.
As a result, cloudy technologies will demand a new system of thinking, and the development of the software should be considered from different parties. It is especially interesting that in the near future appendices will be able to be stored not only in a cloud; they will consist of many modules located on servers of different cloudy services. Nobody canceled a payment for use of cloudy services, and the placement of separate components of the programs in different storages can be one of depreciation ways of the software.
In other words, various parts of appendices will become more favorable to be stored at different service providers. It will appear insufficiently only to write a program now. In the nearest future it will be necessary to provide reliable agreements on service of software packages between the providers. According to the opinion of one of the heads of HP John Manley, it is not easy at all.
Low-Power Processors Will Stimulate the Price Reduction of Services of Cloudy Providers
Today low-power chips are available in the market, which allow using processors with low consumption of energy for data processing. It is quite probable that low-power chips will be everywhere in five-six years, even in microwaves. All this will lead to serious decrease in expenses on the electric power, and it will be possible to make much more useful work for a dollar than today.
As a result, cloudy providers will save money on electricity payment and will share a part of economy with the developers: according to IDC data, the market and the competition between cloudy services respectively, will grow for 25-30% annually within the next five years that will force service providers to reduce the price as much as possible.
Data Security Will Be More Perfect
According to the results of annual researches of the Gigaom Company, about 70% of the largest IT companies will transfer the main software to clouds in the next two years. All of them will demand reliable guarantees of safety for the data.
Today the developers are occupied with the assignment to prove to people that cloudy technologies are our future, and appendices, platforms and services will be placed only in clouds in some time. In five-seven years this question will disappear by itself, and the experts will be able to concentrate on the protection problems of the cloudy technologies, which are used for the solution of complex problems and processing of a large number of information instead of convincing users of cloud advantages.
Undoubtedly, physical safety of the data-processing centers is as important as reliable enciphering of information. In the nearest future the minimum requirements to the present SSL protocol will be seriously changed: it will certainly be necessary to forget about the present 256 bits as we forgot about 56-and 60-bit enciphering. In connection with constantly increasing requirements to safety, physical access to the central data processing will also be limited seriously, and it will be required not only an electronic key but also a procedure of biometric scanning for an entrance to the protected space. The alarm systems existing today will also change. In principle, they are improved every year.
In addition to physical data security, the VPN technologies will be improved to protect data transmission. Today the development tendencies of VPN architecture allow to provide protection not only for text data but also video appendices and voice information. The number of new decisions on safety improvement will increase in the next two-three years. New policies of a proxy server will limit VPN traffic to concrete IP addresses and ports, and cloudy servers will be protected many times more reliably with the updated insertion than today.
Clouds Will Make People Richer
The world does not stand still, and the Internet develops with such a speed that the problems with IP addresses have already begun. However, until the cloud becomes a standard for all appendices and the Internet captures everything around, a lot of time will pass. Many businessmen use powerful computers for data processing. However, in some time clouds will strongly unload computers and will provide access to data everywhere where there is an Internet.
Eventually the software becomes more and more standardized: leading companies work on compatibility of web applications. In order to open the file in the PDF format, it is not necessary to install Acrobat, and Word 2013 is capable to work with the files of ten various types. Brien Posey, not once admitting to MVP Microsoft, considers that formats of the software will be standardized the same way it happened with the sockets for mobile phones.
It will allow the companies to interact easily with each other. Finally, cloud computing will lead to changes of a production cycle and will strengthen relations in work of various components necessary for creation of the final product. All this will force producers to let out a better production at a lower price.
The future of cloud computing is a chance for a huge technological breakthrough of the companies, using this technology today. In this paper only some tendencies connected with the development of cloud computing are described. However, we will see that clouds will bring to the world much more benefit in a few years than it is possible to predict now. The owners of the companies should keep track of the latest events in the world of cloudy technologies to keep competitive advantages. The users should wait when the development of cloudy technologies affects a general standard of living. Cloudy technologies will allow to work quicker and more effectively soon. Our life will be accelerated together with their distribution.